1810 - Banner of
The priest Miguel Hidalgo took an oil painting of the Virgin
of Guadalupe from the Sanctuary of Atotonilco and used it as the banner of the independence
1812 - Flag of
First appearance in the center of the flag of a crowned
eagle perched on a cactus, a reference to the origin and foundation of
Tenochtitlan. General José María Morelos y Pavón used this white and blue flag
to identify his army.
1821 - Flag of the
The flag’s colors are green, white and red. After the Plan
of Iguala is proclaimed, the Army of the Three Guarantees takes this flag as a symbol
of its identity. The colors are displayed as diagonal stripes, the order is not
the same as it is today and there is a crown at the center of the flag to
signify the transition to the first Mexican empire ruled by Agustin Iturbide.
1822 - Flag of the
The stripes on the flag are vertical and the crowned eagle
reappears, standing on a cactus on its left foot.
1847 - Flag of the
San Blas Battalion
The flag bears the legend "Active Battalion of San Blas,"
referring to the military group that defended Chapultepec Castle on September
13, 1847. From left to right the flag is green, white and red in vertical
stripes. In the center of the flag, a front-facing golden eagle with
outstretched wings devours a snake.
1863 - Flag of the Second
Mexican Empire of Maximilian
During the empire of Maximilian of Hapsburg, who was supported
by the conservative political group opposed to President Benito Juarez, the
flag continued to use the green, white and red vertical pattern with an eagle
in the middle. Four crowned eagles were also placed at each corner of the flag
to evoke the coats of arms of the European families and courts.
1880 - Flag of Don
Porfirio Diaz, who ruled Mexico for 30 years, used a flag
with a front-facing eagle standing on a cactus and devouring a snake underpinned
by a semicircle of laurels.
1968 - Current Flag
On September 20, 1916, President Venustiano Carranza issued
a decree stating that the official coat of arms would show the eagle in
profile, with its wings spread and devouring a rattlesnake, and the legend “United
In 1968, during the government of Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, it was
decreed that the flag’s characteristics would be specified in the "Law on
the features and use of the coat of arms, flag and national anthem.”