President Enrique Peña Nieto presented ten proposals on the subject of drugs at the United Nations Assembly. In 2012, Colombia, Guatemala and Mexico requested a Special Session on the world drug problem, held on April 20 of this year.
A new global consensus is gradually emerging in favor of a reform of the international drug control regime. It is a new approach, promoted by an increasing number of countries, to continue resolutely fighting criminals, but rather than criminalizing consumers, to offer them opportunities and alternatives.
1. The world drug problem requires that the international community endorse the principle of common, shared responsibility through more intense, effective international cooperation.
2. It is necessary to strengthen the common front against transnational organized crime to reduce the scope for financial operations and related crimes. It is essential to intensify cooperation between governments and expand the exchange of information and joint actions to dismantle criminal organizations.
3. Greater coordination and collaboration is required between specialized United Nations agencies to address all aspects of the world drug problem.
4. Public policies and actions arising from international drug policy must be aligned with the efforts to achieve sustainable development on the 2030 Agenda. The Sustainable Development Goals and efforts to solve the world drug problem should be complementary and mutually reinforcing.
5. The social damage associated with the illicit drug market must be addressed. Communities affected by organized crime require the comprehensive prevention of violence, exclusion and the weakening of the social fabric. The communities affected must be supported with educational, work and recreational alternatives that strengthen inclusion and social cohesion.
6. Given the limitations of the prohibitionist paradigm, the global drug issue must be addressed from a Human Rights perspective. This fundamental change involves modifying an approach based mainly on sanctions to one focusing on people, their rights and dignity.
7. Drug use should be addressed essentially as a public health problem, since it constitutes a threat to the full development of people, especially children and youth. Drug addiction must be addressed with comprehensive prevention mechanisms and therapeutic solutions, not criminal instruments that criminalize users and damage the development of their personality.
8. In drug-related offenses, proportional penalties and alternatives to prison sentences should be encouraged, which also incorporate a gender perspective.
9. International efforts must combine to prevent drug use through a global campaign oriented towards children and youth. The most vulnerable members of society must be protected by ensuring that they know the harmful effects associated with the use of narcotics and psychotropic substances.
10. Governments must ensure availability and better access to controlled substances for medical and scientific purposes, while preventing their improper use and trafficking. This proposal stems from the broad national debate on marijuana use, convened by the Mexican government, with experts, academics and representatives of civil society.