Mexican Secretariat of Economy promotes job creation, economic growth,
sustainable development by working in partnership with businesses, industrial
and commerce associations, universities, and communities, with a wide range of
responsibilities in the areas of trade, economic development, technology,
entrepreneurship and business development, internal market, and statistical
research and analysis.
In order to improve competitiveness in the global marketplace,
the Secretariat works to strengthen international trade. It also
promotes progressive business policies that help Mexican small and
medium-sized enterprises and entrepreneurs grow and succeed.
One of the most important objectives of the Technical Secretariat of
Competitiveness is to achieve a favorable business environment which gives
consumers access to goods and services under conditions of greater equality. It
also seeks the attraction and retention of foreign investment which helps to
generate a positive effect on employment and growth.
OCDE - SE Collaboration
An initiative for the Strengthening of Competition and
Regulatory Improvement in Mexico
The aim is to drive competitiveness in Mexico, to improve the business
environment through facilitating the opening, functioning and growth of
High-Level Regulatory Cooperation Council between
Mexico and the United States.
The aim is to facilitate compliance with
regulations and reduce transaction costs to further trade and investment
between both countries.
1. World Economic Forum
Annual Report on Global Competitiveness
The WEF defines competitiveness as: the set of institutions, policies
and factors which determine a country's level of productivity. The Annual
Report of Global Competitiveness analyzes the 139 major economies based on
2. World Bank
The Doing Business report is published annually by the International
Finance Corporation (IFC) and the World Bank, and analyzes 183 economies based
on 10 indicators. The Doing Business project encompasses two types of data: the
review of laws and regulations and time and motion indicators.
3. International Institute for Management Development (IMD)
The World Competitiveness Yearbook, WCY, analyzes the 59 major economies
using four factors: economic performance, government efficiency, efficiency for
doing business and infrastructure development.
International Competitiveness Index
The IMCO defines competitiveness as the capacity of a country or region
to attract and retain investment and talent. The International Competitiveness
Index analyzes 48 principal economies based on 10 factors.
On May 29th, 2010, Presidents Felipe Calderón and Barack Obama
reaffirmed the strategic bilateral collaboration between Mexico and the United
States, instructing the creation of the High-Level Regulatory Cooperation
Council between both nations, composed of senior officials from entities
dedicated to the regulations, trade and foreign relations of the two countries.
The Council has six main objectives:
To make regulations more compatible,
enhance simplification and reduce administrative costs, without putting at risk
the public health, public safety, environmental protection and the national
To increase regulatory
transparency for the building of regulatory frameworks designed to reach
greater levels of competitiveness and promote development.
To simplify regulatory requirements by
means of public participation.
To improve and simplify regulations by
strengthening the analytical basis of the regulations.
To connect regulatory harmonization and
simplification with improvements to customs and border crossing processes.
To improve the technical cooperation.
The Council's Terms of Reference also established that its first task
would be to create a Work Plan to implement the said objectives.
In the most developed countries, innovation explains between two-thirds
and three-quarters of growth rates in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) observed
between 1995 and 2006.
Through innovation, wealth reaches a greater number of people and
The SE, SCT and IDB work to drive a
National System of Logistics Platforms to give focus to national policy in the
establishes public policies which enable the promotion and strengthening of
innovation in productive processes and services, to increase the
competitiveness of the national economy in the short, medium and long term. Go to the PNI
The program is helping to reinforce the link between the education,
basic and applied sciences, technology and innovation.
Agencies and institutions from the academic, public and private sectors
are involved in the creation, design and implementation of the PNI.
The program establishes a strategy based on 4 premises and 6 pillars.
The premises of the innovation strategy are:
1.- National and International Market
strengthen domestic and foreign demand for innovative products, services,
models and business created in Mexico.
businesses and government.
2.- Generation of Strategic Knowledge
increase the availability and applicability of knowledge aimed at innovation.
Stakeholders: Higher education institutions, research
centers and businesses.
3.- Strengthening Business Innovation
fortify the core of businesses and public entities which demand the generation
of innovative ideas and solutions for the market.
and public entities.
4.- Innovation Financing
promote the availability of public and private resources to increase the
financing sources necessary for entrepreneurship and innovation.
private investors and financial market.
5.- Human Capital
improve and increase the productive, creative and innovative contributions of
students, business people and educational institutions.
6.- Regulatory and Institutional Framework
National System of Logistics Platforms
The objective is to give a territorial approach to
national policy on logistics. The Secretariat of Communications and Transport
and the Secretariat of Economy are collaborating with the Inter-American
Development Bank to push a National System of Logistics Platforms.
The goals of the system are:
1) To promote the competitiveness of Mexican
logistics infrastructure, in accordance with the National Infrastructure
2) To drive innovation to make domestic and
foreign market supply chains more competitive.
3) To establish a competitive logistics land-use
4) To facilitate industrial and trade activities, both
in the domestic market and in foreign trade, through the development of
necessary infrastructure and logistics services.
1) Logistics performance index 2009: 3.05 where
1 is low and 5 is high. World Bank indicators show that in 2010, Mexico ranked
50th from 155 countries.
2) Logistics costs of Mexican businesses: 10.3%
of sales, of which: 40% is related to transport costs and 60% to inventories,
order processing, storage and planning of transport operations management (data
from A.T. Kearney consulting firm).
3) Logistics costs in Mexico represent 15.3% of
the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), according to A.T. Kearney's estimates
contained in the Logistics Competitiveness Agenda 2008-2012.
The Management Committee for competencies for
Logistics and the Supply Chain in Mexico was installed on March 4, 2010. It
currently has six technical groups: Warehouses, Trucking, Railroad, Mobile
Cranes, Maritime and Hoists.
The Committee's goals are:
1) To promote the development of competitive standards
in functions related to logistics and the supply chain.
2) To define the human capital agenda that
includes topics on training, incentives and job transfer.
3) To develop and/or update competency standards, assessment
instruments and impact mechanisms which encourage worker certification.
4) To monitor and promote the operation of
assessment and certification solutions.
Two competence standards have been published:
“Planning of Product Inventory Control" and "Mobile Crane
Two are in the process of publication:
“Establishing Supply and Demand of the Domestic Product Trucking Service” and
“Traveling Crane Operation” and others are being developed.
“Reliable Logistics Processes” seal
The “Reliable Logistics Processes” seal is a
distinction based on prior evaluation. It will be granted to Mexican companies
which demonstrate they have the capacity to improve their indicators for
complete and on time delivery. The seal will enable them to enhance client service
and increase the confidence of clients and suppliers.
Companies granted the seal will have a verification
model which benefits their logistics development through:
1) The diagnosis and identification of niches of
opportunity for improvement at the time of assessment.
2) Logistical improvement of key and support
activities on using the seal.
3) Ongoing improvement to design and implement the
appropriate categories of the Reliable Logistics Processes seal, according to
the needs and requirements of their own core activities.
The Under Secretariat of Foreign Trade performs functions to strengthen
the integration and competitiveness of Mexico in the global value chains,
through negotiation, formalization and administration of treaties and
international agreements on trade and investment.
In addition, Mexico is an active participant in multilateral and regional organisms and forums such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the ALADI.
Federal Supply Classification
Information only available in Spanish
Trade integration Agreement Mexico-Peru
Economic Complementation Agreement No 54 (ECA 54)
Economic Complementation Agreement No 55 (ECA 55)
Latin American Pacific Alliance
Latin American Pacific Basin
Free Trade Agreement with Central America
Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP)
only available in Spanish
Mexico-European Union Council Decisions
Agreement between Mexico and the EU on Spirit Drinks
Union Joint Executive Plan
Council 9/Feb/12 Joint Communiqué
European Free Trade Association
Free Trade Agreement Mexico-EFTA
Mexico-EFTA Joint Committee Decisions
Bilateral Cooperation and Agreements
International Investment Agreement (IIAs) are foreign investment
agreements designed to promote and protect foreign investments in our country
and Mexican investments abroad, contributing to a favorable business climate.
These agreements include the possibility of recourse to dispute resolution
mechanisms between States or between an investor and the State.
Agreements with Investment Chapters
US / United States of America
CA / Canada
FTA Chile - Mexico
CL / Chile
FTA Mexico - Costa Rica
CR / Costa Rica
FTA Mexico – Colombia
CO / Colombia
FTA Mexico – Nicaragua
NI / Nicaragua
FTA Mexico – El
Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras
SV / El Salvador
GT / Guatemala
HN / Honduras
FTA Mexico –Uruguay
UY / Uruguay
to Stratenthening the Economic Association between the United Mexican Estates
JP / Japón
This section provides information on:
1.- Procedures for State-State dispute settlements in which Mexico has
participated within the framework of the World Trade Organization, for free
trade agreements and other international trade agreements.
2.- Procedure for Investor-State dispute settlements in which Mexico has
participated under free trade agreements and Reciprocal Investment Promotion
and Protection Agreements.
3.- Work related to the promotion and facilitation of recourse to arbitration
and other alternative methods for the settlement of private international trade
In this section you will find information of the
indicators which summarize Mexico's foreign trade operations by main countries,
agreements and treaties, and by tariff codes.
Imports and exports by country from 1993 to 2015
By main partner countries
Accumulated Jan-Nov from 1993 to 2015 Import / Export
Annual from 1993 a December 2014 Import / Export
Imports and exports by country-sector from 2009 to 2015
By Free Trade Agreements and Treaties and sectors
Year prior to entry into effect of the FTAS vs 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015
Total 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Oil Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Non-Oil Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Agrifood Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Agriculture Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Agroindustrial Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Fishing Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Industrial Sector 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / 2015
Statistical and Tariff Information Inquiry System
This system provides the figures by country for
ANNUAL, MONTHLY AND MAIN PRODUCTS imported and exported.
Tariff Information System via Internet (SIAVI 4)
Click here to go
Integrated Foreign Trade Information System
Standards and TARIFF information
applied to imports by Mexico.
The Secretariat of Economy has seven agencies
abroad which contribute to establish Mexico as an export power and an investment
destination at a global level.
To that end, it drives Mexico's economic
integration into the strategic economic blocks around the world, in order to
raise the country's competitiveness.
These agencies offer services and programs for
business people and entrepreneurs around the globe and contribute to the
diffusion and use of the network of 12 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with 44
countries, 28 Reciprocal Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements
(RIPPAs) and 9 Trade Agreements (Economic Complementation Agreements and
Partial Scope Agreements) within the framework of the Latin American
Integration Association (ALADI).
The Tariff Information System via Internet (SIAVI)
version 4 presents new features and advantages, and substitutes SIAVI 2 and 3.
SIAVI 4 displays in a single system, sets of foreign trade statistics from 2003
to 2011, providing statistical data grouped into 2, 4, 6 and 8-digit HS.
With this new version of the SIAVI, the user is
able to link directly to the Integrated Foreign Trade Information System
(SIICEX), as well as to ProMéxico's Exportanet; ProMéxico's Exporters Directory
(DIEX) and to the Secretariat of Economy's Mexican Business Information
Similarly, SIAVI 4 provides links to Internet pages
where our main trade partners publish their tariff and/or statistical
Click here to go to the SIAVI (Information
available only in Spanish)
The Siicex web site is intended to offer
organizations, businesses, importers, exporters, government, students and
citizens, information related to foreign trade from a single enquiry point,
enabling them to reduce transaction costs by facilitating information searches
and providing certainty about their obligations in acts of Foreign Trade.
Its purpose is to present the regulations which
establish the general provisions within the scope of competence of the
Secretariat, and the criteria for compliance with laws, international trade
agreements or treaties, decrees, regulations and other regulatory systems,
grouping them, so users can apply them easily.
The system comprises five sections: Siiceteca
(Virtual Library); Tariff; Foreign Trade Bulletin, Today; Did you know…? and
This Month, which together seek to give users easy access to information
related to foreign trade.
Foreign Trade in Figures
The Tariff Information System via Internet contains
up to date trade statistics, with monthly trade data from 2007.
It is a virtual library containing information on
legal instruments pertaining to foreign trade in different versions (original
text, amendments and integrated text), and related publications, and the
procedures and forms which apply for each system.
The virtual library is made up of six modules: Laws
and Regulations; Trade Treaties and Agreements; Decrees; Quotas; Permits and
Miscellaneous Regulations, and Foreign Trade Rules.
1. Laws and Regulations. This module gives access
to the different laws and regulations governing foreign trade such as the
Foreign Trade Law; the Customs Law; the General Import and Export Tax Law, etc.
2. Trade Treaties and Agreements. This module shows
the various decrees on free trade treaties signed by Mexico, which are: North
America (USA/Canada), Costa Rica, G2 (Colombia), Nicaragua, Chile, European
Union, Israel, Northern Triangle (El Salvador/Guatemala/Honduras), European
Association (Norway/Iceland/Liechtenstein/Switzerland), Uruguay and Japan; and
also the Decrees on Economic Complementation Agreements signed by Mexico
such as the ECA 6 (Argentina), ECA 8 (Peru), ECA 51 (Cuba),
ECA 53 (Brazil), ECA 54 and 55 (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and
Uruguay). The module also shows the tariffs (decrees concerning applicable
rates), customs rulings and mentions the partial scope agreements, which are:
Ecuador, Paraguay and Panama.
3. Decrees. The module is made up of the various
decrees regarding development programs such as IMMEX, PROSEC, ECEX, ALTEX and
Drawback published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, as well as TIGIE
Tariffs, FTA and Border Tariff Rates, Competitiveness of the Automotive
Industry, Vehicle Importation and Border Vehicles (businesses and residents).
4. Quotas: This module includes the quota
agreements derived from trade treaties and agreements (FTAs, ECAs, ALADI, WTO)
and unilateral agreements.
The module is divided into three parts: America:
(North America (US/Canada), Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Northern Triangle
(El Salvador/Guatemala/Honduras), Uruguay, ALADI, ECA 53 (Brazil),
ECA 55 (Mercosur), ECA 6 (Argentina) and remaining quotas; Europe
and Asia: European Union, European Association
(Norway/Iceland/Liechtenstein/Switzerland), Israel and Japan, and Others: (WTO,
Unilateral and Federal Income Law (Tenth Transitory Provisions)).
5. Permits and Miscellaneous Regulations: This
module includes the SE's agreements on non-tariff regulations such as: TIGIE
2002-2007 Miscellaneous Provisions and Correlation Tables, Permits, Official
Mexican Standards (NOMs), Countervailing Duties, IMMEX (PITEX/Maquila),
Automotive, National Content and Regulatory Quality as well as those of other
agencies: Commission for the Control of the Production and Use of Pesticides,
Fertilizers, and Toxic Substances (Cicoplafest), and the Secretariats of
Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA),
National Defense (SEDENA), Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), Energy
(SENER), Education (SEP), and Health (SSA).
6. Foreign Trade Rules. This module includes the
amendments and annexes of the General Rules and Criteria on Foreign Trade,
issued by the Secretariat of Economy, and also includes the General Rules on
Foreign Trade of the SAT, issued by the Tax Administration Service (SAT).
This section is the result of a joint effort by the
Secretariat of Economy and the Mexican Confederation of Associations of Customs
Brokers (CAAAREM), to streamline the activities of the different stakeholders
in foreign trade.
The section provides information on the current
tariff rates of the General Import and Export Tax, including FTA and Prosec
tariffs, of non-tariff regulations and general observations.
Foreign Trade Bulletin,
This electronic bulletin represents the efforts of the
Secretariat of Economy to diffuse, periodically, topics of interest and
relevant news on foreign trade, such as Official Provisions (amendments and
publications of decrees, agreements, rulings, etc.).
Did you know...?
Presents current issues, statistics, brief and
relevant news, tips on foreign trade and frequently asked questions on topics
such as Trade Facilitation, Program Transparency and Foreign Trade Instruments.
Contains a set of official provisions on foreign
trade which are published in the Official Gazette of the Federation (DOF) by
the agencies and entities of the Federal Public Administration during a
calendar month, such as: agreements, rulings, manuals, annexes, decrees,
clarifications, decisions, rules and notices.
Responsible for the
The Director General for Foreign Trade is
responsible for the information published on SIICEX.
Rule 4.1 of Title 4 of the Agreement through which
the Secretariat of Economy issues the General Rules and Criteria on Foreign
Trade, dated July 6th, 2007.
Visit the SIICEX microsite at www.siicex.gob.mx (Information available only in Spanish)
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has consolidated
itself as an important complementary source to boost Mexico’s economic growth.
Mexico is the second FDI destiny in Latin America and receives an average of 18
billion dollars per year. Hence, it is important for our economy to give
certainty to the investors. In light of this objective, Mexico is undertaking
actions to strengthen the investment climate and prevent investment disputes.
To achieve this objective, the Federal Government
is running a project named Investment promotion and international
dispute prevention. The project is implementing coordinated public policies
among our different government levels aiming to identify and solve potential
conflicts before they could turn into an international dispute.
This project is being implemented in two phases.
First, the project is based on disseminating the knowledge at the different
levels of government (including the municipalities) on international rules and
Mexico’s Free Trade Agreements and Bilateral Investment Treaties, particularly
on the investment disciplines. This knowledge is been shared through workshops
where experts in investment matters explain different dispute settlement cases
faced by the Mexican State and the underlying reasons. They also provide some
alternative solutions and policy recommendations. This phase requires support
from investment promotion agencies (ProMéxico) and a close coordination with
the Secretariat of Interior. Its implementation is well advanced. More
workshops will be held this year to cover more Mexican States. Workshops have
gone beyond in scope and have also covered representatives of the Congress and
judicial power. The representation offices of the Secretariat of Economy
in the States are attending the workshops. To continue informing, a
periodical electronic bulletin is sent monthly in order to keep the channels of
communication open with the participants to the workshops. This phase is
critical to create capacity among the public servants at all levels of
government to detect a conflict before it turns out into a formal
dispute. After the relevant actors in the different levels of government
are aware of the rules and the possible consequences they can help to provide
information through coordination with the Federal Government particularly with
the Secretariat of Economy in identifying possible disputes. This
coordination helps to address the problem before it becomes a notice of
intention of an international dispute and as a prevention mechanism.
In parallel, the Secretariat of Economy is
preparing more detailed information in paper and media (video). This information
will be circulated among the interested States.
During the second phase, the Federal Government
proposes an Agreement of Cooperation in Information Exchange to be signed
between the Secretariat of the Economy and the States. The Agreement will
exchange information, for example, on the current legal framework that
municipalities are implementing and their consistency with international
commitments. The Secretariat of Economy is in charge of the negotiation of
international investment agreements and dispute settlement procedures. The
Cooperation Agreements with the States will contribute to create a formal
cooperation mechanism with the States to strengthen the conflict resolution
before it turns out into a formal dispute.
Mexico is in process of implementing the second
phase. The Secretariat of Economy is in close coordination with some States in
order to follow up the signature process. These Agreements will help the
Federal Government to receive cooperation in terms of information exchange and
transparency. The legal instrument is not aiming at creating a binding
legal consequence for those local governments that are not able to provide the
information but to act as a “bona fide” instrument to support cooperation and
information exchange. The expectation is to contribute to the creation of a
positive environment for investments from the local to the Federal Governments.
The mechanism for resolving issues previous to the presentation of the “notice”
is based also on a serial of meetings with high level authorities when the
State or the Municipalities are involved in the problem and identify possible
solutions or constructive discussions.
The overall project is
being coordinated by the Secretariat of Economy and it is supported by the
General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS). The
results are publicly available in the website of the Secretariat of Economy and
ProMéxico. The website informs the state of play of the Agreements signed by
the States. This site helps the States to publicize its status as a “safe
destination” for investments. This second phase is still in an early stage of
The aim of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is to create lasting and
long-term interests of foreign entrepreneurs in the recipient country, for
economic purposes. The importance of FDI resides in the fact that it functions
as an important catalyst for development. In this sense, FDI produces important
beneficial effects in the productivity and competitiveness of a country by
creating jobs, increasing savings and foreign currency reserves, fostering
competition and boosting transfer of new technologies and exports.
The Directorate General for Foreign Investment (DGIE, in Spanish) is the
administrative unit of the Secretariat of Economy responsible for the
application of the Foreign Investment Law and, particularly, for managing and
operating the National Registry for Foreign Investment (RNIE, in Spanish),
preparing and publishing statistics on FDI inflows, and serving as the
Technical Secretariat of the National Commission for Foreign Investment (CNIE,
in Spanish). The DGIE also represents Mexico in international foreign
investment fora, contributes to the promotion of investment, disseminates
information and studies on the investment climate in the country, and promotes
the adoption of public policies, when convenient.
Information regarding the activities of promotion and attraction of investment
is available at ProMéxico, a governmental agency
engaged in the coordination of strategies oriented towards the strengthening of
Mexico’s participation in the global economy.
To this end, the Foreign Investment Law provides
who the subjects to be registered are. Likewise, the Regulations of the Foreign
Investment Law indicate the procedure to perform such registry.
The information collected by the RNIE is used to
develop reliable and timely statistics on the behavior of FDI in Mexico,
according to international standards.
To know more about RNIE and the corresponding
procedures, please click the link below:
About the RNIE
The General Direction of Foreign Investment, (DGIE, by its initials in
Spanish) makes a series of statistical and economic documents on Foreign Direct
Investment (FDI) available to the public.
Also if any interested party requests more information, the DGIE can
generates some reports broken down by Founding Sources, Industry, Source
Country and Federal Entity of destination.
The information generated offers tools for public policy decision-making,
investment promotion, research and a better overall understanding of the
behavior of FDI into Mexico and the world.
Statistical Reports Submitted to the
Consult the statistical reports on the behavior of FDI into Mexico,
submitted quarterly by the National Commission of Foreign Investment (CNIE, by
its initials in Spanish) to the Congress.
Information only available in
jan - dec
jan - sep
jan - jun
jan - mar
Consult the historical data on FDI into Mexico from 1980 to 1998.
Historical by Source Country
Historical by Industry
Historical by Federal
Entity of Destination
Consult the detailed data on FDI into Mexico since 1999.
Number of firms with
FDI flows into Mexico
Total flows of FDI
FDI by source country
FDI by Federal Entity
Methodology for the
preparation of figures on FDI flows
Statistics on Balance of Payments in Mexico
statistics on FDI in OECD member countries
Investment Service (CDIS) prepared by the IMF
statistics on FDI generated by the UNCTAD
For more information related to statistical and economic documents on
FDI, please contact us.
Karla Ivette López Rivero
Joram Pablo Arcos Olvera
It also monitors and verifies the compliance with the applicable legal
provisions and regulations with regards to direct foreign investment and, when
applicable, imposes the corresponding penalties.
before the Direction of Legal Affairs (Spanish)
Legal Framework (Spanish)
of the United Mexican States
o Foreign Investment Law (English)
of the Foreign Investment Law
to the Regulation of the Foreign Investment Law (October 31th, 2014)
Resolutions of the National Commission of Foreign Investments (CNIE)
o Federal Law of Administrative Procedure
Law of Transparency and Access to Government Public Information
for the Delegation of Powers of the Ministry of Commerce and Industrial
Promotion (Ministry of Economy)
Regulation of the Ministry of Economy+ Legal Framework
Asia-Pacific Economic Forum (APEC)
APEC Guide to Investment Regimes
Investment Facilitation Action Plan 2008-2010
o APEC Non-Binding Investment Principles
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
of Liberalisation of Capital Movements
o National Treatment instrument
o Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
o Arbitration Rules
International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
o Convention, regulations and rules
o Official documents
Convention on the Law of Treaties
York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
Legal Glossary (Spanish)
Functions of CNIE
Provide policy guidelines with regards to foreign
investment and design mechanisms to promote investment in Mexico.
Decide, through the Secretariat of Economy, on the
merits, and when applicable, the terms and conditions of foreign investment
Act as a mandatory consultation agency regarding
Establish criteria for the application of legal
provisions for government agencies and organizations of the Federal Public
Functions of the Executive
Notify the resolutions of the Commission, through the
Secretariat of Economy
Carry out the studies given by the Commission
Present a four-monthly statistical report to the
Congress, on the behavior of foreign investment in the country, including
economic sectors and regions where the former is located
Requests before the CNIE
The CNIE shall solve the requests presented to its
consideration in a period no longer than 45 working days starting on the date
when the request was presented.
If the CNIE does not solve in the period provided, the
request shall be considered as approved according to the terms with which it
Upon express request, the Secretariat shall issue the
Resolution criteria of the CNIE
Impact upon employment and training of workers;
Compliance with environmental provisions included in
the ecological regulations governing the matter; and
In general, its contribution to increase the
competitiveness of the country’s productive system.
When deciding on the merits of a petition, CNIE may
only impose requirements that do not distort international trade
Additionally, the CNIE may prevent foreign investors
acquisitions, due to national security reasons.
Legal basis: Articles 29 and 30 of Foreign Investment
Law (LIE, in Spanish)
Matters submitted to CNIE’s consideration will be
solved in session with its members, or through the written opinion of each one
of the heads or the Representatives Committee.
Heads of each Secretariat or its Representatives will
have five working days, starting on the date when the matters were presented to
them, to issue a corresponding vote. Once this term is over without formulation
of objections or issuance and communication of the corresponding vote, it will
be understood that a favorable vote was issued.
The Technical Secretary (Director General of Foreign
Investment) shall deliver to each of the heads of Secretariats or
Representatives, a written report on the resolutions submitted to its consideration,
within the seven working days following the date when the corresponding
resolutions are issued.
Legal basis: Articles 28 and 29 of LIE , and 27 of the
National Registry of Foreign Investments Law Regulation (RLIERNIE, in Spanish)
General Resolutions of the CNIE
In force (Spanish)
o Resolución General por la que
se amplía el criterio establecido para la aplicación del artículo 17 de la
o Resolución General por la que
se establece el criterio para la aplicación del artículo 17 de la LIE
o Resolución General No. 15
o Resolución General No. 6
related to the application of article 9 of LIE (Spanish)
o Resolución General No. 1
o Resolución General No. 2
o Resolución General No. 3
o Resolución General No. 4
o Resolución General No. 5
o Resolución General No. 7
o Resolución General No. 8
o Resolución General No. 9
o Resolución General No. 10
o Resolución General No. 11
o Resolución General No. 12
o Resolución General No. 13
o Resolución General No. 14
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
o Resolución General publicada
from the Federal Public Administration (Spanish)
o Transporte de pasajeros y turismo
Among its activities, the DGIE represents Mexico in international foreign
investment fora in order to encourage international cooperation, foster the
understanding of best practices with regards to investment policies, identify
opportunities for the negotiation of international instruments and promote the
country among foreign investors.
Additionally, the DGIE undertakes research and analysis in order to prepare
public policy proposals which might strengthen the enabling environment for
foreign investment in Mexico and, thus, increase the participation of foreign
investment in the development of a more competitive economy.
The DGIE participates in the following international fora among others:
The Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the Guidelines) are an instrument of
the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) which provide
voluntary principles and standards for responsible business conduct. The Guidelines
are part of the OECD Declaration
on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises,
adopted on June 21st, 1976. Mexico is an adherent country of such declaration
since its incorporation to the Organization in 1994.
The Guidelines aim to ensure that
the operations of multinational enterprises are in harmony with government
policies in order to strengthen the basis of mutual confidence between enterprises
and the societies in which they operate, to help improve the foreign investment
climate and to enhance their contribution of enterprises to sustainable
The Guidelines are periodically
reviewed to guarantee that their content is up to date and that it reflects the
global changes. The current version of the Guidelines dates back to 2011. The
substantive provisions of the Guidelines are contained in the following
I. Concepts and Principles
chapter of the Guidelines sets out concepts and principles that put into
context all of the recommendations in the subsequent chapters. These concepts
and principles are the backbone of the Guidelines and underline the
fundamental ideas behind them.
II. General Policies
This chapter is
the first to contain specific recommendations to enterprises in the form of
general policies that set the tone and establish a framework of common
principles for the subsequent chapters. It includes important provisions such
as implementing due diligence, addressing adverse impacts, engaging
stakeholders, among others.
complete information on the enterprise is important to a variety of users.
This chapter calls on enterprises to be transparent in their operations and responsive
to increasingly sophisticated public demands for information.
IV. Human Rights
have an impact on virtually the entire spectrum of internationally recognized
human rights. As such, it is important that they meet their responsibilities.
This chapter of the Guidelines draws on and is aligned with the United
Nations “Protect, Respect, Remedy” Framework and the Guiding Principles on
Business and Human Rights that operationalize that framework.
Employment and Industrial Relations
focuses on the role the Guidelines have in promoting observance among
Multinational Enterprises of the international labor standards developed by
the International Labor Organization.
chapter provides a set of recommendations for Multinational Enterprises to
raise their environmental performance and help maximize their contribution to
environmental protection through improved internal management and better
Combating Bribery, Bribe Solicitation and Extortion
corruption are damaging to democratic institutions and the governance of
corporations. Enterprises have an important role to play in combating these
practices. The OECD is leading global efforts to level the playing field for
international businesses by fighting to eliminate bribery. The
recommendations in the Guidelines are based on the extensive work the OECD
has already done in the field.
VIII. Consumer Interests
call on enterprises to apply fair business, marketing, and advertising
practices and to ensure the quality and reliability of the products that they
provide. This chapter draws on the work of the OECD Committee on Consumer
Policy and the Committee on Financial Markets, and other international
organizations, including the International Chamber of Commerce, the
International Organization for Standardization and the United Nations.
IX. Science and Technology
recognizes that Multinational Enterprises are the main conduit of technology
transfer across borders. It aims to promote technology transfer to host
countries and contribution to their innovative capacities.
focuses on the importance of Multinational Enterprises carrying out their activities
in a manner consistent with all applicable competition laws and regulations,
taking into account the competition laws of all jurisdictions in which their
activities may have anti-competitive effects. Enterprises need to refrain
from anti-competitive agreements, which undermine the efficient operation of
both domestic and international markets.
are the first international corporate responsibility instrument to cover
taxation, contributing to and drawing upon a significant body of work on
taxation, most notably the OECD Model Tax convention and the UN Model Double
Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries. This
important chapter covers fundamental taxation recommendations.
As of June 2014, 46 adherent
governments are committed to the Guidelines: the 34 member governments of the
OECD and 12 adherent countries to the Declaration and Decisions on
International Investment and Multinational Enterprises.
Informative Material on the Guidelines
o Text of the Guidelines
o Responsible Business Conduct
Other documents on Social Responsibility
o OECD Risk Awareness Tool for Multinational Enterprises
in Weak Governance Zones
Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from
Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas
OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned
Links of Interest
o OECD Investment Committee
o OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
o OECD Watch
Union Advisory Committee (TUAC) to the OECD
and Industry Advisory Committee (BIAC) to the OECD
o United Nations Global Compact
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