In Mexico, the anemia pregnant women prevalence is of 17.9 percent, this disease increases the risk to present a premature born. During this stage, pregnant women should have a diet that includes energy needs to avoid the risk of malnutrition.
The main symptoms are fatigue and poor resistance to physical exercise; sometimes they go unnoticed because they are considered within the normal gestation period.
During pregnancy, the amount of blood in the body of the woman increases up to 50 percent more than usual, so they need to consume adequate amounts of iron, vitamins and folic acid to prevent neural tube defects.
- Balanced nutrition is essential to prevent diseases and complications. A diet based on whole grains, fruits and vegetables, beans, lentils, eggs, fish and healthy fats such as avocado, canola oil and seeds is recommended.
- Reduce high energy density foods like fried foods, pastries, soft drinks, fast food and packaged foods, especially.
- Practice exercise.
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