Amebiasis is a parasite that can live in the large
intestine (colon) without causing any harm, but there are times when it may
cause diarrhea, acute colitis or dysentery.
Amebiasis, most commonly occurs in tropical areas
where greater overcrowding and poor hygiene are present; is an intestinal
disease caused by the parasite Entamoeba
histolytica. It is estimated that 50 million people a year are infected
with this parasite.
The disease acquires, by ingesting contaminated food
or water, but can also transmits from person to person by oral or rectal
contact of an infected patient.
The symptoms of the disease include nausea, diarrhea
(loose stools with mucus and occasionally bloody), unintentional weight loss,
abdominal pain, excessive gas, or rectal pain while defecation; although there
may be severe symptoms such as abdominal tenderness, fever, vomiting and bloody
Treatment includes antibiotics prescribed by the
doctor, hygiene measures to prevent the spread of more people, wash the hands
after using the bathroom and before preparing food, and deworming at least once
One of the major complications of amebiasis is liver
abscess or spread the parasite to organs such as the liver, lungs and brain. It
is very important that people with any suspicion of having amebiasis
consult a specialist doctor.
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