- .When this administration began, in 2012, it was clear that in the previous six years the climate of violence and insecurity indicators had increased dramatically, he said.
- The Federal Government’s participation is in no way intended to substitute or replace the efforts to be undertaken by local authorities. The government’s participation is merely intended to provide support, he said.
President Enrique Peña Nieto today highlighted the government’s commitment, together with the authorities of the various orders of government and civil society, to set a common agenda to define a state policy on public security.
“Let us draw up an agenda to precisely define the public security agenda to be adopted by the Mexican state,” declared the president when he inaugurated the 5th National Forum on Let’s Join Forces for Security: Citizens + Police.
He stressed the need to jointly define, “The agenda of where we should go, based on our years of experience addressing this issue”.
"Let us ensure that in the future, we have a clear course, a state policy that goes beyond a single administration, and society and government’s participation in tackling this challenge," he added.
The president also stressed the need to recognize the progress that has been made in the matter, though, he said, it is still insufficient. “Although there have been qualitative and quantitative changes in terms of what we have accomplished as a society, we are not yet satisfied,” he added.
He said that beyond the hard numbers and surveys, the figures show that the issue of security is latent in perception, “And remains one of the issues of greatest concern to Mexican society”.
He said that at the start of this administration in 2012, it was clear that in the previous six years, the climate of violence and insecurity had dramatically increased the indicators,” he said.
As an example, he mentioned that, “Kidnapping had increased by 90 percent; intentional homicide also nearly doubled from 2006 to 2012, increasing by 85 percent; and extortion had grown 130 percent”.
He said that, “The most widely used indicator in all countries to say whether or not a country is safe” is intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. "And in 2012, when I took office, the indicator was nearly 23 per 100,000. Today, since 2015, and probably in 2016, it has remained in the order of 17 per 100,000 inhabitants,” he said.
President Peña Nieto explained that this is an average indicator of national reality, and that there are states where the same indicator is below 5 per 100,000 inhabitants, and others in which, “It is well above the average.” This means that, “In our country, we have different realities, and in the different states of the country this indicator shows that there is a much more critical condition in terms of insecurity than in others,” he said.
He added that 2015 was a year, “In which there was progress and a decrease in almost all the common and federal crimes committed.” He noted that, "The indicator for all types of crimes, reported to the federal and local authorities, showed a decrease of almost 20 percent”.
After insisting that "we are not satisfied," he said that in 2016, there was an upswing, “That we are trying to reverse today with coordination and very specific efforts" aimed at the 50 municipalities in which 42 percent of the crimes registered are committed.
The president listed the government’s actions to combat insecurity in the country:
FIRST: "We have worked to form five Regional Intelligence Fusion Centers. Today we have three of five already operating in the regions into which the country has been divided”.
He added that there is also already a, “Map Portal where local authorities can see the crime rate at the street or neighborhood level. It is a map of the whole country to see crime rates, to which all federal and local public security authorities have access to enable them to make their own decisions about how to deal with security more efficiently”.
SECOND: “The transition to a single emergency number, 911 is underway. It seems a minor issue, but it has meant making a logistical effort in telecommunications to provide a single system with a single phone number”. He said that by January 2017, "We will have a single emergency number, 911, which is also used in other parts of the world”.
THIRD: “Special federal forces operations in cities and areas where they are required, and greater coordination between federal and local authorities to define security actions. We have been working. The media have reported the constant presence of the federal authority, led by the Secretary of the Interior, the Navy and Defense Secretariats, the Attorney General's Office and the CISEN, to meet with the governors of various regions and establish more efficient coordination to achieve security”.
The Federal Government’s participation is in no way intended to substitute or replace the efforts to be undertaken by local authorities. Government participation is intended as support; it cannot be permanent because it lacks the capacity to have a simultaneous presence throughout the country”.
He explained that this requires local governments, together with municipal authorities, “To make their own efforts, with the coordination of the government, yet which should also translate into local governments’ own efforts to work for security in the various states”.
FOURTH: “The professionalization of police forces. This has allowed 330,000 police officers to been trained and together with over six thousand commanders of the country's forces”.
The president said that the new Adversarial Criminal Justice System, which formally began just three months ago, “Requires fine-tuning to make it more efficient, but I'm sure that this new Criminal Justice System will establish a new paradigm.
This model, he continued, "will allow cases to be processed much faster and more transparently, openly and publicly”.
OUR JOINT PROSPERITY DEPENDS ON COLLECTIVELY ACHIEVING SECURIYT IN THE NORTH AMERICAN REGION: ROBERTA JACOBSON
Stating that certification is the cornerstone of any profession, Roberta Jacobson, US Ambassador to Mexico, stressed that, “Insisting that all police officers be certified on the basis of recognized professional standards, is a requirement that protects us all”.
"That is why, through the Merida Initiative, the United States and Mexico are working together to provide training. A total of 238,000 agents have been trained in handling crime scenes, collecting evidence, identifying witnesses and testifying in court to support the new Criminal Justice System,” she said.
“It is an honor for me to be here and be part of this impressive historical process. It is very important for Mexico and the United States to carry out this process properly,” she said, and adding that efforts made by the organization Common Cause, and other non-profits combined with efforts by government officials, “are resulting in very positive changes for Mexican society”.
She said that, “Our joint prosperity depends on our guaranteeing collective security in the region of North America, and for this reason, the United States will provide full support for Mexico during this transition and this consolidation process, and will continue to provide it for many years”.
AN EFFECTIVE RULE OF LAW IS ESSENTIAL FOR A SUCCESSFUL CIVIL COMMUNITY, AND MEXICO IS GOING THROUGH AN IMPORTANT PERIOD WITH ITS NEW SYSTEM OF JUSTICE: DUNCAN TAYLOR
British Ambassador to Mexico, Duncan Taylor declared that an effective rule of law is essential for a successful civil, community. He added that, “We all agree on that,” noting that our country is going through a very important period, with new justice and anticorruption systems.
The British diplomat shared experiences on security and justice in this forum with the aim of helping Mexico, “Cope with the problems we all share”.
"About six years ago, we set up a fund called the Prosperity Fund and the fund allows me, as British Ambassador, to manage projects with the federal government, state and municipal governments, the private sector and civil society, to examine important issues for you in Mexico; see how we can will help build capacity and share the experience that we may have had in the UK, which could be useful for Mexico in improving performance in certain areas,” he said.
MAINTAINING SAFETY IN LOCAL TERRITORIES REQUIRES COORDINATED WORK: MIGUEL ÁNGEL MANCERA
Mexico City Mayor Miguel Ángel Mancera Espinosa said that maintaining security in local areas requires a coordinated effort.
“It requires permanent communication between the intelligence, analysis, and operating sectors and those that work with citizens and above all, involving citizens,” he added.
Mancera said that civil society organizations today play a key role in development efforts and tracking our performance models. He said that, They have undoubtedly been consolidated as a clear engine of modernization and professionalization, which obliges all of us here present to assume this responsibility to meet the demands of the National Strategy”.
The mayor declared that the city government is committed to continuing to improve the coordination schemes at all levels of government.
"This is a permanent task that cannot be stopped. Security is an ongoing task; the battle is never won, you always have to keep working at all levels of government,” he added.
Miguel Ángel Mancera said: “Mr. President, we in the capital will never spare any effort regarding national security”.
WE PROPOSE INSTITUTIONALIZATING THE PARTICIPATION OF A SUPPORTIVE YET CRITICAL CIVIL SOCIETY: MARÍA ELENA MORERA
Maria Elena Morera, president of Citizens for a Common Cause, said that President Peña Nieto and his government, “Have achieved an important consensus as regards undertaking major reforms for this country, yet much remains to be done in the field of security to make this a safer, less violent country”.
He therefore proposed that, “Federal and state governments, political parties, business organizations, academic and civil society, agree on a pact for a state policy on security, which defines the necessary adjustments to the Executive Secretariat. This should become a functional technical coordination that will monitor the law and the commitments agreed on at the National Public Security Council”.
“We propose institutionalizing the participation of a supportive yet critical civil society. To this end, we propose that, as part of the National Council, a Technical Council for Citizen Participation be put in place with substantive powers that will make it possible to constructively monitor the spending of resources and guidelines for institutional transformation,” he added, among other lines of action.