committed in the country.
- He mentioned five measures to continue improving the institutional capacity to respond to society’s demand for security.
- The 911 emergency number will begin to operate gradually as of October 3: on June 1 2017, it will operate fully throughout the country, he said.
- The president led the closing of the 40th National Public Security Council
President Enrique Peña Nieto led the closing of the National Public Security Council Session, in which he said that, “If there is one thing Mexicans agree on is that we want to live in a country of peace and calm, freedom and rights, laws and institutions.
He told governors, governors elect, members of civil society and the government's security council: “Let us continue to foster purposeful dialogue and constructive agreements to provide an integral response to the population's legitimate demand for security".
“In this collective mission, the government will continue to be a factor of meeting, union and joint work to achieve the tranquility of Mexican families,” he said. He urged them, from their sphere of work, “To continue promoting underlying changes to create a better world and a safer country”.
In the Treasury Hall of the National Palace, the president announced five measures, “To continue improving our capacity for institutional response to society's demands" regarding public security:
First: the emergency number 911 will gradually begin to operate as of October 3. It will initially begin to operate in 16 states: Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas, he explained.
“The remaining states will be incorporated during the first five months of 2017. Thus, our main objective is for 911 to be fully implemented by June 1 2017, to provide more timely, efficient attention for those coping with an emergency situation that threatens their safety,” he said.
He said that this is thanks to the committed work of governments and society as well as the Federal Institute of Telecommunications, whose director and personnel I would like to thank for the support for this task provided by IFETEL, by freeing up this bandwidth or frequency to make this number available for emergencies and standardized throughout the country, as happens in more developed and advanced countries.
The president urged them, “To continue combining efforts, will and resources to ensure the proper functioning of this single telephone number for the whole country: 911".
Second: As for crime prevention, state authorities were asked to reinforce joint actions in this key area. He said that, “An issue that undoubtedly worries all the authorities is the outbreak of certain high impact crimes during the first half of 2016, in relation to the same period last year. It is essential to undertake joint actions and for everyone to assume joint responsibility in this task”.
On this point, the president hailed the decision by members of the Council to, “Reinforce the State Social Prevention States and allow groups of citizens and academics to supervise and evaluate their actions".
Third: The government’s determination to implement a new measure to address the increase in intentional homicide. The president instructed the Security Cabinet, in conjunction with local authorities, to implement an integral coping strategy for the 50 municipalities which account for 42% of the intentional homicides being committed in the country.
In other words, he said, “42% of intentional homicides are committed in just 2% of the country's municipalities".
“In conjunction with the governors and mayors, we will reinforce actions to achieve social prevention, institutional reinforcement and combating violence in these municipalities". To this end, he added, “You, as local executives, must assume the obligation and commitment to lead the efforts to provide greater security for the inhabitants of your states”.
He repeated: “Federal forces are invariably where they are need to support local police in an auxiliary, temporary fashion, not to replace them. The underlying solution is to have solid local security corporations in the 32 states, with standardized criteria as regards their professionalization, equipment and performance protocols”.
Fourth: there is an urgent need to implement a constitutional amendment regarding Public Security. He said that as a result of the president's initiative, the best police model for the country is currently being discussed in Congress.
The president instructed the Interior Secretary to continue working with legislators to implement a reform that will provide Mexico with stronger, more professional police corporations that operate more efficiently at the local level".
Peña Nieto thanked the presidents of the two Chambers of Congress for their presence, "So that they can take this message of the need to implement, as a result of this initiative, and a broad debate on the topic, a model based on the law and the Constitution, to achieve what has been a repeated demand which has yet to be achieved by the Mexican state:
Strengthen the police corporations operating in the various states".
Fifth: Fifth: As regards the new Accusatory Penal Justice System, he welcomed the fact that during this session, it was agreed to develop a National Procedural Police Model; a scheme for reinforcing precautionary measures in the states and a strategy to comply with the mandates of the National Law of the Integral Penal Justice System for Adolescents.
He outlined some of the challenges being faced in the everyday operation of the new system. He said that although these actions are important, it is important for police elements to act in keeping with due process in detentions and to improve the quality of their investigations. “You must avoid cases being inadmissible to a judge due to mistakes in arrests or flaws in the compilation of preliminary enquiries.
He said that it was as a result of a civil society initiative that steps were taken to create the new Penal Justice System, “Which means, as I have said at different forums, a change of paradigm".
He said that, “We must ensure that anyone who is accused has an open, transparent trial, based on the presumption of innocence, and for all the institutions of justice to compile the proof to support the accusations against a suspect".
“We have to prove its efficiency; it is a new model that will enable us to combat impunity more effectively and prevent those who commit crimes from avoiding justice. At the same time, it will enable many other millions of people who are sometimes jailed for minor misdemeanors to be able to retain their freedom while being accountable to the judicial authorities.
The president urged state Justice Systems accumulating increasing numbers of investigation files, "Who are making limited use of alternative conflict solution mechanisms to use them and make a greater commitment to kind out about and use this new system of Accusatory Penal Justice.
He also urged governors and the mayor of Mexico City, “To correct the operating deficiencies and prevent a perception of impunity regarding this new model we are now implementing throughout the country”.
“He said that he has instructed the Secretary of the Interior and the Attorney General, “To review and draw up proposals to improve the legal framework to correct any mistakes”. “We must make the necessary changes and adjustments to be able to continue improving the conditions of safety and justice throughout the country.
NO STATE SHOULD BE ALONE IN THE TASK OF COPING WITH CRIME: MIGUEL ÁNGEL OSORIO CHONG
Interior Secretary Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong said that, “Today, Mexicans can rest assured that no state is only in the task of dealing with crime.”
He said that for the past three and a half years, President Enrique Peña Nieto has made this issue a national priority, which has been addressed by the National Public Security Council, “Through a state response and a joint effort".
He said that this national priority, “Has implied placing politics, in other words, the tools of agreement and coordination, at the service of security. For the first time, the Security Cabinet designed and implemented permanent coordination mechanisms in the Federation and States to act with strategy and speed, and joint responsibility.
In addition, he said, actions were implemented to enable federal forces to assist local governments, especially those with institutional weakness- “The aim has been and is simply: to guarantee, beyond political distinctions, the safety of citizens where their peace of mind has been eroded," he said.
He said that, “While federal forces acted quickly to protect the security of communities, key institutions were created and strengthened within this state function,” since it is quite clear, he said, “That beyond dealing with specific events, our best bet is to consolidate strong, reliable, effective institutions".
He said that at the local level, it is essential to strengthen capacities to create spaces and reduce crime. “That is where the function of security should have better tools and resources to reduce the scope for impunity”. He said that until this happens, “The Security Cabinet has proposed a set of measures to focus on crime in the states and municipalities with the highest indices of violence".
RENATO SALES HEREDIA OUTLINES FOUR ACTIONS TO IMPROVE THE DELIVERY OF SECURITY TO CITIZENS
Renato Sales Heredia, National Security Commission, outlined four points to improve the delivery of security to citizens to the National Public Security Council.
First: the Inter-Institutional Strategy for the Implementation of the National Law of the Integral System of Penal Justice for Adolescents, published on June 16 which, he said, seeks to protect the higher interest of teenagers and their integral training, promoting alternative conflict resolution measures and sanctions that will not deprive them of their freedom.
Second: the design of a homologated model of Cybernetic Police units. He recalled that the 2014-2018 National Public Security Program established a strategy to detect and address cyber crime in a timely fashion. He said that the creation of a standardized model for the units will make it possible to combine efforts between state and federal government.
Third: the updating and standardization of regulatory processes for private security. He proposed the creation of a working group to promote the reform of the legal framework, in order to harmonize regulatory processes at the national level and establish the coordination bases for a single registry of private security firms, personnel and equipment as well as actions to screen and certify personnel and the firms and institutions providing these services.
Fourth: The design of biometric registers to identify prisoners through fingerprints, biometric photos and their irises. This, he explained, will provide an additional tool for administration the National Penitentiary System agencies and eliminate the possibility of duplication, inaccurate records and confusion between people with the same name.
The 40th Session was also attended by the governors of San Luis Potosí, Juan Manuel Carreras López; Sinaloa, Mario López Valdez; Mexico State Eruviel Ávila Villegas, and Mexico City Mayor Miguel Ángel Mancera Espinosa. It was also attended by the permanent members of civil society María Angélica Garnica Sosa and Elena Azaola Garrido; Monterrey Mayor Adrián de la Garza Santos.
At the 40th Session of the National Public Security Council, the following agreements were approved:
- States, in conjunction with the Executive Secretary of the National Public Security System (SNSP) will establish the necessary actions to operate a Single Emergency Number 911.
- The National Council will instruct the SNSP Executive Secretariat to serve as an operating liaison and member of a three-member panel to coordinate the consolidation of the Penal Justice System.
- The Interior Secretariat, through the Under-Secretariat for Prevention and Civic Participation and the Executive Secretariat of the SNSP will consolidate public policy on the social prevention of violence and crime.
- The National Conference of Municipal Public Security, in coordination with the National Security Commissioner and the SNSP Executive Secretariat, will design a standard model of civil justice and good government, which includes guidelines, profiles and training processes for operators and programs on the culture of legality for Mexico's municipalities.
- Approve the guidelines for the issue, development and implementation of a Single Police Certificate, to be implemented by the three orders of government.
- Create an inter-institutional work group under the coordination of the SNSP Executive Secretariat to update the professionalization program.
- Instruct the SNSP Executive Secretariat to draw up a reform program to adjust the legal framework to the current information and vehicle control needs, with contributions from public and private agencies.
- Approve the updating of general criteria for the updating and spending of the resources in the Fund for Contributions to Public Security of the States and Mexico City for tax year 2016 and the following years to simplify the process of reprogramming federal funds.
- Create an inter-institutional workgroup comprising the Attorney General’s Office, the National Security Commissioner’s Office, the Decentralized Social Prevention and Readaptation Administrative Office, the Under-Secretariat of Citizen Prevention and Participation, the National System of Integral Protection for Children and Teenagers and the Executive Secretariat of the SNSP, to draw up a strategy for the implementation of the National Law of the Integral System of Penal Justice for Teenagers
- The SNSP Executive Secretariat and the Office of the National Security Commissioner, through the Federal Police, have been instructed to create a standardized model for cyber police units and the process to implement them.
- The National Security Commissioner's Office has been instructed to create a working group with the states to regulate and standardize private security services.
- The National Security Commissioner's Office, through the Decentralized Social Prevention and Readaptation Administrative Office, and as part of the strengthening of the National Penitentiary System Policy has been instructed to design biometric registers to identify prisoners including fingerprints, biometric photographs and a person's iris.
- The approval of a law to standardize the technical characteristics and interoperability of videosurveillance systems for the country's public security.
- The approval of a new methodology to evaluate the database on criminal and public security personnel.
- The review and adaptation of the police report standardized by the SNSP Executive Secretariat, in conjunction with the Attorney General's Office and the National Security Commissioner's Office.
- States must compile work programs to strengthen areas of analysis and statistics of the justice and public security agencies, with the coordination and evaluation of the SNSP Executive Secretariat.
- The Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security and the National Security Commissioner's Office will coordinate a standard model of state units to supervise cautionary measures and the conditional suspension of trial and a standard national model for active policemen regarding procedural safety.