President Enrique Peña Nieto signed the
Political Reform of Mexico City.
The enactment of this decree marks the culmination of a debate that
began with the discussion of the Constitution of 1824 and has been present for
nearly two centuries.
Mexico City was recognized as a state with genuine
autonomy. The Political Reform of Mexico City is another
achievement of the Pact for Mexico, Commitment 91, which enabled all the
political forces to reach agreements.
The Reform strengthens the rights of its citizens and
residents, who will now be better equipped to participate democratically in the
solution of problems and challenges.
Mexico City remains the seat of the powers of the
Union and the capital of Mexico. It will have autonomy in all matters relating
to its internal governance and political and administrative organization.
Mexico City will form part of the Permanent
Constituent, while the powers of the City will be able to exercise all the
powers not expressly granted to the Federation in the Constitution, as happens
with the states, in accordance with Article 124 of the Constitution.
The current boroughs will be transformed into
territorial demarcations, whose government will be in charge of town halls.
The people of this capital city will enjoy their
own Charter of Rights, in keeping with their freedoms and aspirations.
The Constituent Assembly of Mexico City will be
established according to the terms and time limits established by the Decree;
which states that the president shall appoint six out of the 100 Constituent Delegates.