The purpose of the International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this Crime is to raise awareness of the crime, its prevention and punishment, and to commemorate and honor its victims.

Genocide tends to occur in societies with various national, racial, ethnic and/or religious groups. The conflict is created not by the different identities, real or perceived, but by its consequences in terms of access to power and wealth, services and resources, jobs, development opportunities, citizenship and the enjoyment of fundamental rights and freedoms.

These conflicts are fueled by discrimination, hate speech that promotes violence and various human rights violations.

To prevent genocide, it is important to identify the factors that trigger it and reduce or eliminate the potential causes of violence. Genocide is a global threat because no country has a homogeneous population, that is, ethnic, religious and economic differences will always exist.