- .We will remain a factor of meeting, union and joint work for the peace and tranquility of the country, he said.
- It is essential to redesign the country’s police model, which requires having a suitable legal framework, he stated.
- It is essential to have a Homeland Security Act governing the participation of our military personnel, he declared.
President Enrique Peña Nieto today led the closing ceremony of the 41st Session of the National Public Security Council, in which he urged the governors and the Mayor of Mexico City, “To redouble our efforts to combat insecurity”.
He said that security, “Is a state function that involves us all. This is mandated by our Constitution, demanded by our society, and required by the present circumstances”.
He declared that in security issues, "Let us all pledge, beyond reasons, excuses and blame, to step up the pace, not to give up, be persistent, improve what we've done and enhance what remains be done. Thus, united in a common front, let us continue to work for the Mexico of peace and tranquility”.
In the Treasury Hall of the National Palace, President Peña Nieto said: “Today more than ever, we must all make a common front against violence and crime. In this collective mission, the government will continue to lead institutional efforts to provide a lasting response to the legitimate demand for security”.
“We will remain a factor of meeting, union and joint work for the peace and tranquility of the country”, he said.
He declared that in public security, “Everyone must take their share of responsibility; both state and municipal authorities must fulfill their obligation to provide protection for their communities”.
The president of Mexico said that the security policy implemented during his administration, based on coordination, responsibility, intensive use of intelligence systems and institutional reinforcement, has worked.
“During the first three years of this administration, the main indicators of ordinary crimes decreased by at least 20 percent," he said, adding that in some parts of the country, this decline was significantly higher, “Because crime rates in these states were significantly higher than the national average”. In addition, we have managed to neutralize, in other words arrest 105 of the country’s 122 most dangerous criminals to bring them to justice”.
He noted that, “Despite these results, it should be admitted that 2016 has seen significant security challenges. Accordingly, for the government, the fight against crime and violence will continue to be the highest priority in the next two years”.
In this regard, he said that, “If we wish to meet the demand for security of Mexican families, it is essential to redesign the country’s police model, which requires, first of all, having a proper legal framework”.
“In the Mexico of 2016, we cannot effectively combat criminal groups with legal and institutional tools that sometimes date back to the 1980s or 1990s. In many respects, the current system is frankly outdated,” he said.
He added that as a result, two years ago, he submitted a reform bill to Congress to update the model of strong local police, with standardized professionalization, equipment and performance criteria. "The operation of the police system should not depend on which party is in government. It should be a state policy that is above the people or political leaders of each state,” he said.
President Peña Nieto declared: “The president repeated the urgent need to implement this reform to move towards a police system that will meet the challenges of our time”.
He added that, “If the ultimate goal is for security duties to be performed by police institutions, we must legislate to provide a framework of certainty for the subsidiary performance of the Armed Forces in these activities, and it is therefore necessary to have a Homeland Security Act regulating the participation of our military personnel”.
He repeated his, “Total willingness to work with legislators in the design of this law to provide legal certainty for our soldiers and marines, at both the individual and the institutional level”.
The president said that, “In this Administration, we have strongly supported the strengthening of the institutional capacities of local security corporations. This has been borne out by the allocation of over 49 billion pesos in federal grants and contributions over the past four years”.
He noted that, “These resources have been used to renovate facilities, and provide vehicles, equipment, weapons and communication technologies. Moreover, over 500,000 public security and law enforcement officers, as well as 34,000 police officers have been trained”.
"It is a task that must be permanent, because society’s demand to be able to trust the police requires this,” he explained.
Today, he said, “We have taken an important additional step to ensure that these funds are handled with absolute probity and effectiveness: the Interior Secretariat will launch a new transparency portal. It will enable society to know the amount and destination of the contributions and benefits of each state, thereby increasing accountability”.
GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES FOR THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE
The president outlined the government’s three priorities for the immediate future:
First: “Consolidate the social prevention of violence and crime". This activity, he said, will involve nine Secretariats of State and is one of the axes distinguishing the security policy that has been implemented by this Administration.
He said that in previous years, over nine billion pesos were allocated. He explained that for the fiscal year of 2017, he has issued instructions to make an extra effort, “And I think it is important that we all do so in unison,” to coordinate the actions that run within the transversal policies of the various departments.
He declared that, “There is no greater preventive measure or action than preserving the country’s economic stability, and that is the premise that was considered in the package presented to preserve our macroeconomic fundamentals that allow, and will result in economic stability for Mexican families”.
Second: “Strengthen actions in the 50 municipalities that account for 42 percent of the country’s murders”. "We must focus specifically on the municipalities that are experiencing a rise in crime rates, especially those where the largest number of criminal homicides are committed in our country”.
Third: “Consolidate the new Adversarial Criminal Justice System. To this end, the government will provide its full support for the work agenda of the Coordinating Council for the implementation of the Criminal Justice System”.
He declared: "We must conclude the remaining work and finish training, and correct operational deficiencies to ensure the viability of this new model”. He said that this alone does not ensure effectiveness or the goals that have been set; "There must be feedback, there must be compliance, monitoring and evaluation in its implementation”.
"I am sure that the agreements reached in keeping with this approach will allow us to ensure that this model will be fully effective, and have a much more transparent, expeditious system of justice as demanded by our society,” he explained.
The president thanked civil society organizations for taking up the cause of security, a just cause which our society demands”. He said his contributions, “Enrich, moderate and give more substance to the public security policies the state as a whole implements”.
He also thanked, “Members of the Army, Navy and Air Force who with courage, loyalty and patriotism, have performed the tasks entrusted to them, even at the risk of their lives. Mexico thanks them for this”.
He also expressed his gratitude for the dedication and professionalism of members of the Federal Police, the Attorney General’s Office and the CISEN, “Who have harmonized their efforts to work on a common front and implement the public security policies the government is enacting”.
SECURITY CHALLENGES REQUIRE THE PERMANENT STRENGTHENING OF STATE CAPACITIES: OSORIO CHONG
Interior Secretary Miguel Angel Osorio Chong said that the security challenges facing Mexico require the ongoing strengthening of the state’s institutional capacities, since it involves institutions which, due to the nature of their work, must evolve more quickly than the phenomenon they have been tasked with combating.
That capacity, he added, largely determines the effective compliance with their essential function, which is to protect and serve society.
He said that the Security Cabinet is dedicated to this task with conviction and commitment, by responding to immediate needs and at the same time, promoting actions aimed at building and strengthening institutions.
He therefore informed President Enrique Peña Nieto that, “According to his vision, and beyond circumstances and situations, we will continue addressing security from a state rather than a government perspective”.
He announced that, “Platform Mexico now has a mapping portal that allows us to analyze the crime street by street and neighborhood by neighborhood, using more than 355,000 georeferenced records”.
He explained that this is an unprecedented instrument in Mexico’s security policy, which is already available to states, which will have permanent access to it.
Participants in the 41st Session of the National Public Security Council included the governors of Morelos, Graco Ramirez Garrido, also President of CONAGO; San Luis Potosi, Juan Manuel López Carreras; Querétaro, Francisco Domínguez Servién; Mexico State, Eruviel Ávila; Mexico City Mayor, Miguel Angel Mancera Espinosa and permanent civil society guests to the Council: Adelina Lobo-Guerrero Serrano and Alberto Javier Olvera Rivera.
The following resolutions were passed at the 41st Session of the National Public Security Council:
Ø The professionalization program will be updated and the states were urged to implement this, especially the contents that contribute to the consolidation of the Criminal Justice System.
Ø The Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security was instructed to design the monitoring and evaluation model for the operation of the Criminal Justice System in the three orders of government.
Ø The Homologated Model for the Operation and Functioning of State Social Prevention Centers was approved, together with the implementation of a National Professionalization Program for Public Servants working at these centers.
Ø Guidelines for the integration of collegiate civil and academic groups were approved. Each state will monitor and evaluate prevention programs financed with public funds, whose implementation will be the responsibility of the Under-Secretariat for Prevention and Citizen Participation of the Interior Secretariat.
Ø The homologated model for cyber police units was approved, which will be implemented in 2017. The states will undertake to allocate resources from the Public Safety Contribution Fund 2017.
Ø The homologated model of state units for the supervision of precautionary measures and conditional suspension of proceedings was approved, together with the national police model for procedural security. States were urged to designate resources from the Contribution Fund for Public Safety, FASP for the implementation of these models.
Ø The Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security, in coordination with the Attorney General's Office, were authorized to develop the standardized model of agencies specializing in alternative conflict resolution mechanisms in criminal matters and early care units.
Ø The Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security is to develop a technical standard that will permit the national standardization of features, technology, infrastructure and systems in the Control, Command, Communication and Computing centers.
POINTS OF AGREEMENT
The following points of agreement were also approved:
1. States, in the exercise of their sovereignty, will adhere to the agreement between the three branches of government for the consolidation of the Criminal Justice System, published in the Official Gazette on June 20.
2. In compliance with the Law of Fiscal Coordination, distribution criteria, formulas and variables for the allocation of FASP resources of states and Mexico City will be approved and applied in the 2017 fiscal year, together with the general criteria for their administration and spending.
3. States will be able to use FASP resources during the 2017 Fiscal Year, which are intended for the national priority Program for the Implementation and Development of the Criminal Justice System and Complementary Systems in the form of co-payment.
4. Approve the work programs which the states developed for strengthening the areas of statistical analysis in public security and law enforcement agencies, which must be implemented from 2017 onwards.
5. On the basis of Article Five of the General Guidelines for the Organization and Functioning of the Standing Committees of the National Council, re-election for a period of three years was approved for the states that make up the Permanent Commissions of Information, Certification and Accreditation and Crime Prevention and Citizen Participation.
6. To approve the guidelines and the call to appoint new permanent civil society guests to the National Council of Public Security and ensure that the Executive Secretariat reports the results of the selection process and appointment at the 42nd Session of the Council .