·        Proposals were formulated to make citizens’ everyday justice swifter and more expeditious,  explained Humberto Castillejos Cervantes, Legal Counsel to the President. 

·        The government, in coordination with the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE) and the Institute for Legal Research at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), initiated efforts to improve access to justice.

At the National Palace, Humberto Castillejos Cervantes inaugurated the Dialogues for Everyday Justice, which, with the participation of civil society organizations, public and private academic institutions, bar associations, autonomous bodies and representatives of the legislative, executive and judicial branch, in both the federal and local spheres, will formulate proposals to make  citizens’ everyday justice swifter and more expeditious.

Everyday justice, “Is the justice provided for a mother who does not know how to regain custody of her son, for the mother who seeks to obtain the alimony to which she is entitled; for the small trader, who is unable to collect a commercial debt, due to the delay and formality of appearing before a commercial court judge. It is the justice provided for a worker who faces a slow system of labor justice, which, albeit less complex, is no less slow than commercial justice,” he said.

In the area of the Tribute to Don Benito Juarez in the National Palace, Humberto Castillejos  declared that, “It involves building an environment that allows us to create the best proposals for justice in Mexico.”

He recalled that on November 27 last year, President Enrique Peña Nieto asked the CIDE to conduct consultation forums to determine the main changes to be made to achieve greater access to everyday justice. Therefore, on April 27 this year, the CIDE presented the 20 main proposals and approximately 200 additional proposals, whose central goal is to change the logic of justice.

“The aim is to do away with the excessive formality of justice and create a form of justice close to people, to which society can have access, as stipulated in Article 17 of the Constitution, in a prompt, thorough, impartial way.”

As of next week, the nine panels of the Dialogues for Justice Daily begin their sessions in order to find concrete solutions to make everyday justice an effective right.

The Legal Counsel to the president said that involving all the stakeholders in the panels will ensure pluralism in building solutions, which will materialize through the design of public policies and the drafting of constitutional and legislative reforms to improve access to justice in the country.

For his part, Director General of the CIDE Sergio López Ayllón said that one of the main proposals of the organization, led in conjunction with the UNAM Institute for Legal Research, which participated in the proposal, was to establish this space for dialogue, with broad participation by the stakeholders, to generate results with the necessary consensus.

He said that, “The logic of these panels on nine specific topics, is to open us up to new ideas, placing the citizen at the center and producing a result which, as a result of this dialogue, will allow us to have a specific impact on improving the justice system.”

Senator Fernando Yunes Márquez and Federal Delegate Álvaro Ibarra Hinojosa, Chairmen of the Justice Commissions of the Senate and the House of Representatives, welcomed the Dialogues for Justice Initiative and agreed that this kind of inclusive, pluralistic forums will do much to improve justice in Mexico.

This is because, they said, people with low incomes do not have access to justice because they do not have access to a lawyer, because they do not have resources, “And are often saddled with legal problems, which do not allow them to get on with their lives.”

The themes of the panels are:1) Civil and family justice) Labor justice 3) Measures to reduce legal marginalization 4) Schools of Law and sanctions for legal malpractice 5) Protocols for cases of bullying 6) Early legal assistance and alternative justice 7) Organization and functioning of the judiciary branch 8) resolution of the basis of the conflict and injunctions 9) Public Policy regarding justice.

Civil and family justice: Review the procedural rules in civil and family matters to incorporate oral procedures standardized in all states; promote conflict resolution through negotiation between the parties and expedite the issuing of sentences, and their review and implementation.

Labor Justice Review the functioning of the boards of conciliation and arbitration to professionalize the administration of labor justice, strengthen reconciliation mechanisms, and streamline procedures, while making them more transparent.

Measures to reduce legal marginalization: Modernize and standardize the organization and functioning of public property and commercial records and municipal land registers and facilitate the process of obtaining civil status records and wills.

Law Schools and penalties for lawyers’ malpractice: Improve the quality of professional legal services by reviewing the certification requirements of law schools and establish a system of liability for negligence and malpractice.

Protocols for cases of bullying: Design protocols to handle cases of bullying and other forms of violence in schools and launch campaigns to provide information and prevent bullying.

Early legal assistance and alternative justice: Analyze the possibility of creating centers for early legal assistance throughout the country to inform people of the mechanisms available to resolve conflicts and promote the use of alternative means of conflict resolution.

Organization and functioning of the judiciary branch: Analyze the possibility of creating itinerant judges for small or rural communities to facilitate conflict resolution, strengthen legal assessment and judicial statistics and develop coordination mechanisms for administering justice locally.

Resolution of underlying conflict and injunction: Strengthen injunction as an extraordinary means of constitutional control and develop capacities to favor the resolution of underlying conflicts over procedural requirements.

Public policy on justice: Analyze the possibility of having an organization responsible for coordinating the design and implementation of the Federal Government’s policies for implementing justice and relations with federal and local judicial authorities.

It was announced that the official site of the Dialogues for Everyday Justice http://justiciacotidiana.mx/ was launched, whereby all stakeholders will be able to monitor and participate in the work of the panels.

The opening session was attended by representatives of various government agencies; presidents of the Senate Justice Committees, Fernando Yunes Márquez, and the Chamber of Deputies, Álvaro Ibarra Hinojosa; President of the National Commission of Superior Courts of Justice, Edgar Elías Azar; Representatives of the Federal Judiciary Council; the National Commission of Human Rights; the National Bar Association of Mexico and other bar associations, as well as civil society organizations such as the Center for Development Research, the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness, Mexico Evaluates and the Strategic Center for Social Impact, among others.