Peña Nieto presented Mexico's position on the drug problem at the United
Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS).
administration has sought to address the drug phenomenon in a more
comprehensive way, through a strategy that avoids creating more violence and in
which virtually all the agencies in the Mexican government have taken part.
presence of heads of state and government of various countries, representatives
of civil society organizations, academics and experts, the president said:
“It is an undeniable fact: in recent years, the terms of the debate have
changed: a consensus has begun to emerge in favor of a meaningful reform of the
international drug regime.
A new approach is envisaged that will fight criminals,
but rather than criminalizing users, give them opportunities and alternatives.”
”The scheme based essentially on prohibition, the so-called war on
drugs, which began in the ‘70s, has failed to prevent global drug production, trafficking
“My country forms part of the nations that have paid a high price, an
excessive price in terms of tranquility, suffering and human lives; lives of
children, youth, women and adults.
Like few others, we know the limitations and painful implications of the
eminently prohibitionist paradigm.”
To reduce the
supply of drugs, we have confronted organized crime through better coordination
between the authorities, the use of intelligence systems and the dismantling of
their operating and financial structures. The government has arrested the main leaders
and criminal violence has been limited to specific regions of the country, with
a consequent reduction in the incidence of crime.
and information have been used to locate, identify and destroy crops and drug
laboratories. To reduce domestic demand, prevention efforts among
children and youth and addiction treatment have been strengthened. This scheme has been supplemented through the social prevention of
violence and crime in vulnerable communities.
“Under the current paradigm, it is necessary for consumer countries to
increase their commitment, both in reducing demand, and in the fight against
transnational organized crime.”
In response to this situation, with global
responsibility, Mexico proposes ten points.
These include: ensuring availability and better access to controlled substances for medical
and scientific purposes, while preventing their improper use and trafficking.
"This proposal stems from the broad national debate on marijuana
use, organized by the Mexican government, with experts, academics and representatives
of civil society.”
”Participants in the forums also highlighted the importance of increasing
consistency with international standards and the amount of marijuana that can
be considered for personal use, in order not to criminalize users.”
Over the next
few days, the Mexican government will outline the specific actions to be taken
in this direction, in accordance with the public health and human rights principles
we have proposed in this Special Session.
“Here, at the highest forum of the international community, I thank the
experts, academics and representatives of civil society, who have contributed
ideas and a direction for a new consensus.”
“I hope this Special Session will lead to a new international
understanding on the matter. I hope this dialogue will enable us to begin
creating the vision, tools and new consensuses we need to counter the drug phenomenon
in the 21st century.”