Peña Nieto participated in the United
Nations Assembly on the World Drug
Problem 2016 in New York.
Nations Organization is the highest forum for addressing and overcoming the global
challenges of our time. As a result, in 2012, Colombia, Guatemala and Mexico
requested that a United Nations General Assembly be held on the World Drug
“The objective is to review the current international strategy and,
above all, to define better solutions, from a perspective of Human Rights, prevention
and public health, putting people’s well-being at the center.”
administration has sought to address the drug phenomenon in a more
comprehensive way, with a strategy that avoids generating more violence and in
which virtually all the agencies in the Mexican government take part.
With global responsibility, Mexico proposes:
FIRST. The world drug problem requires
that the international community endorse the principle of common, shared
responsibility through more intense, effective international cooperation.
SECOND. It is necessary to
strengthen the common front against transnational organized crime to reduce the
scope for financial operations and related crimes. We must
intensify cooperation between governments and expand the exchange of
information and joint actions to dismantle criminal organizations.
THIRD. Greater coordination and
collaboration is required between the specialized United Nations agencies to
address all aspects of the world drug problem.
FOURTH. The public policies and
actions arising from international drug policy must be aligned with efforts to
achieve sustainable development in the 2030 Agenda. The Sustainable Development
Goals and efforts to solve the world drug problem should be complementary and
FIFTH. They should address the
social damage associated with the illicit drug market. Communities
affected by organized crime require the comprehensive prevention of violence,
exclusion and the weakening of the social fabric.
affected must be supported with educational, employment and recreational
alternatives to strengthen inclusion and social cohesion. In particular, productive
alternatives must be created in places where drugs are planted, such as crop
conversion and international contract farming schemes.
SIXTH. Given the limitations of
the prohibitionist paradigm, the global drug issue must be addressed from a
Human Rights perspective. This fundamental change involves modifying the
primarily disciplinary approach to focus on people, their rights and their
SEVENTH. Drug use should be primarily
addressed as a public health problem, since it constitutes a threat to people’s
full development, especially that of children and youth.
must be addressed through comprehensive prevention mechanisms and therapeutic
solutions, not criminal instruments that criminalize users and harm the
development of their personality.
EIGHTH. In drug-related offenses,
proportional penalties and alternatives to prison sentences should be
encouraged, which also incorporate a gender perspective.
NINTH. International efforts must
combine to prevent drug use through a global campaign oriented towards children
and youth. The most vulnerable members of society must be
protected by ensuring that they know the harmful effects associated with the use
of narcotics and psychotropic substances.
TENTH. The availability and better access to
controlled substances for medical and scientific purposes must be ensured while
preventing their improper use and trafficking. This proposal stems from the
broad national debate on the use of marijuana, organized by the Mexican
government with experts, academics and representatives of civil society.
“As President of Mexico, in this Special Session here, I give voice to
those who expressed the need to update the regulatory framework, to authorize
the use of marijuana for medical and scientific purposes.”