President Enrique Peña Nieto led the ceremony commemorating the International Day of Indigenous Peoples.
In Mexico, it is estimated that there are approximately 15 million Mexicans who are recognized as indigenous peoples and fully assume themselves as part of the original peoples of Mexico.
“We are indeed a mestizo people, but we have an indigenous root, which allows us to project ourselves to the world with great pride on the basis of this identity.
“A great deal of what we have today in our wealth and our cultural diversity comes precisely from our indigenous roots, as do our cuisine and our craftwork”: EPN
The federal government urges the governments of the various states to make a common front and address the major social deficits and attend the vulnerable groups facing the greatest shortages, extreme poverty and backwardness.
To combat these shortcomings, efforts are channeled through the Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples.
Today, Mexico has a good legal structure, with rights for indigenous peoples, women's rights and legislation that has been modernized and updated to ensure the rights of indigenous peoples and women.
Advances in favor of indigenous peoples
- Over 5,900 works in the Indigenous Infrastructure Program have been developed to deal with the shortcomings in remote communities. These have provided them with drainage, electricity, clean water, shelter and other basic services.
- A record investment of 21.5 billion pesos has been made in infrastructure for indigenous peoples, quite apart from other investments and budgets for general infrastructure works.
- Over a thousand indigenous hostels have been set up, which serves nearly 75,000 children and young people across the country.
- 23,000 indigenous productive projects have been supported to benefit the same number of families.
- Eight thousand birth certificates have been delivered to children who had not been registered, and for legal effects, had no identity.
- Support has been provided for 4,100 people who for various reasons, faced justice without the support of adequate legal advocacy, and had been wrongly imprisoned.
- Gender violence has been combated through support for indigenous women to prevent them from suffering double marginalization and create a new culture of respect for their dignity.
- A program to prevent early pregnancy in girls and adolescents in indigenous areas has been launched.
- 24 Indigenous Women’s Shelters provide services to care for their dignity and generate cultural change for their benefit.
“Today we are working to ensure that this is not a dead letter, and that the rights enshrined in various systems in our country are enforced. We have already made good laws, and now we face the challenge of making those laws a reality in our society”. EPN