The Fourth Nuclear Security Summit is a forum for dialogue at the highest level, to exchange experiences and strengthen mechanisms to enhance the security of dangerous nuclear materials.

With four editions in six years, this summit has managed to reposition the issue of nuclear safety on global, regional and national political agendas.

During his participation in the plenary session, President Enrique Peña Nieto said the Nuclear Security Summit is one of President Barack Obama’s great legacies to the world.

“President Obama’s leadership has been crucial to enabling the international community to combine efforts with the aim of halting the spread of nuclear weapons. 

It is true that nuclear weapons are the “most dangerous threat to global security and peace.” Therefore, as an international community we cannot and must not accept that the existence of nuclear weapons is an unavoidable destination for humanity.”

Historically, Mexico has been a tireless promoter of world peace and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. The Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean was promoted in the 1960s, making this region the first Nuclear Weapons Free Zone.

Nearly 50 years later, Mexico confirmed its commitment and joins the global effort to preserve the security of all nuclear materials, especially those that could be used for war or terrorism.

“We have a shared responsibility that must be reflected in permanent commitments to prevent and eliminate the risks arising from the removal of these materials.”

Mexico shares the global concern about the threat of nuclear terrorism, and expresses its strong commitment to preventing nuclear and radiological material from reaching the hands of non-state actors and being used for destructive purposes.” 

An integral, transnational approach, including the security of maritime, port, land and air transportation routes, is required is required to prevent and combat nuclear terrorism.

Mexico emphasized its support for the resumption of the “Six-Party Dialogue,” an ideal framework for advancing nuclear disarmament on the Korean peninsula. 

“Nuclear safety is an issue of the utmost importance for the world of today and tomorrow; it is a challenge that involves us all. Nations must work with joint responsibility in the construction of global architecture for nuclear safety, making commitments regarding nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation and respect for the right of states to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.”

Together with Brazil, South Africa and other countries, Mexico proposed the “In larger security” Declaration to ensure that nuclear weapons are prohibited and eliminated, and not used by any actor, whether state or non-state, under any circumstances.