President Enrique Peña Nieto inaugurated the 59th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Judges.
Mexico has become one of the largest and most sophisticated economies in the world, the second in Latin America and the fifteenth worldwide. It has positioned itself as a leader in medium- and high-technology manufacturing exports.
"We have positioned ourselves as leaders in medium and high technology manufacturing exports, and every year, we receive billions of dollars in investments that support an increasingly skilled and dynamic labor market”: EPN
Despite these strengths, institutional weaknesses, accumulated over decades, persist, eroding the state’s capacity to fully promote the welfare of all citizens.
To eliminate these barriers, a profound process of institutional transformation was launched in late 2012.
Two changes marked a milestone in Mexico’s legal system: the Adversarial Criminal Justice System and the progress in Everyday Justice.
Adversarial Criminal Justice System:
Because of its depth and scope, the transformation of the Criminal Justice System will have a major impact on the country’s legal activity.
- In June of this year, the model evolved from a mixed one of adversarial justice that guarantees the principle of publicness to increase transparency and prevent bias.
- Criminal proceedings at the national level are strengthened and homologated to ensure due process and full respect for human rights, for both the victim and the accused.
- Over 400,000 operators of the System and more than 240,000 public safety officers have been trained.
- Prosecutors’ offices across the country have had to be restructured.
- Over 800 oral trial rooms were set up.
“This is historic step to provide society with closer, more transparent and effective justice”: EPN
The second major change in Mexico’s legal system concerns Everyday Justice:
“It is the kind of justice demanded by workers, neighbors, mothers and fathers, the kind experienced in schools, which creates the greatest frustration when left unresolved.
Everyday Justice makes a difference in the daily lives of Mexicans”: EPN
- It accounts for nearly 90% of the disputes brought before the judiciaries of our country.
- The Reform bills submitted by the president regarding everyday Justice, emerged from a pluralistic, transparent exercise of justice, with the participation of over 200 experts from 26 academic institutions and civil society.
- Foremost among this set of initiatives is the proposed structural change for the Labor Justice model, suggesting that it should be the responsibility of independent courts rather than the executive powers as it has been to date.
- It is proposed that civil and family proceedings be homologated, regulatory improvements be legislated on at the national level; and that a general law of civic and itinerant justice be created so that justice reaches the most remote communities.
- It is proposed that judicial councils and the appointment of judges and magistrates throughout the country be standardized, so that they are selected by competitive examination and merit.
- In the commercial field, it is proposed that the application of oral justice be guaranteed so that all commercial matters are resolved quickly and transparently.
- The aim is to encourage most conflicts to be resolved without having to go to trial. To this end, a General Law on Alternative Means of Conflict Resolution will be established.
"We want to encourage most conflicts to be resolved without having to go to trial; to this end, a General Law on Alternative Means of Dispute Resolution is to be established.
In addition to these major changes in our everyday and criminal justice, there are those that Mexico has promoted in transparency, open government and anti-corruption, which also contribute to strengthening our rule of law. Overall, these are the most significant and momentous modifications of the Mexican legal framework in nearly 100 years ": EPN