Wild animals and plants contribute to the ecological,
genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and
aesthetic aspects of the development and welfare of human beings. Their degradation
and disappearance have very serious consequences for the environment, economy
This year, the Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the United Nations celebrate
World Wildlife Day under the theme "The future of wildlife is in our hands."
The campaign aims to alert society about just how important
flora and fauna are to our lives. This year, African and Asian elephants will
be the main focus and steps will be taken to ensure the survival of their
The number of elephants killed annually in Africa varies
between 20,000 and 25,000, from a population estimated at between 420,000 and
650,000. The population of forest elephants, specifically, is estimated to have
fallen 62% between 2002 and 2011.
For more information,