Proposals were formulated to make citizens’ everyday
justice swifter and more expeditious, explained
Humberto Castillejos Cervantes, Legal Counsel to the President.
The government, in coordination with the Center for
Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE) and the Institute for Legal Research at
the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), initiated efforts to improve access to
At the National
Palace, Humberto Castillejos Cervantes inaugurated the Dialogues for Everyday
Justice, which, with the participation of civil society organizations, public
and private academic institutions, bar associations, autonomous bodies and
representatives of the legislative, executive and judicial branch, in both the
federal and local spheres, will formulate proposals to make citizens’ everyday justice swifter and more expeditious.
justice, “Is the justice provided for a mother who does not know how to regain
custody of her son, for the mother who seeks to obtain the alimony to which she
is entitled; for the small trader, who is unable to collect a commercial debt,
due to the delay and formality of appearing before a commercial court judge. It is the justice provided for a worker who faces a slow system of labor
justice, which, albeit less complex, is no less slow than commercial justice,” he
In the area of
the Tribute to Don Benito Juarez in the National Palace, Humberto Castillejos declared that, “It involves building an
environment that allows us to create the best proposals for justice in Mexico.”
that on November 27 last year, President Enrique Peña Nieto asked the CIDE to
conduct consultation forums to determine the main changes to be made to achieve
greater access to everyday justice. Therefore, on April 27 this year, the CIDE presented
the 20 main proposals and approximately 200 additional proposals, whose central
goal is to change the logic of justice.
“The aim is
to do away with the excessive formality of justice and create a form of justice
close to people, to which society can have access, as stipulated in Article 17
of the Constitution, in a prompt, thorough, impartial way.”
As of next
week, the nine panels of the Dialogues for Justice Daily begin their sessions
in order to find concrete solutions to make everyday justice an effective
The Legal Counsel
to the president said that involving all the stakeholders in the panels will
ensure pluralism in building solutions, which will materialize through the
design of public policies and the drafting of constitutional and legislative
reforms to improve access to justice in the country.
For his part,
Director General of the CIDE Sergio López Ayllón said that one of the main
proposals of the organization, led in conjunction with the UNAM Institute for
Legal Research, which participated in the proposal, was to establish this space
for dialogue, with broad participation by the stakeholders, to generate results
with the necessary consensus.
He said that,
“The logic of these panels on nine specific topics, is to open us up to new
ideas, placing the citizen at the center and producing a result which, as a result
of this dialogue, will allow us to have a specific impact on improving the
Fernando Yunes Márquez and Federal Delegate Álvaro Ibarra Hinojosa, Chairmen of
the Justice Commissions of the Senate and the House of Representatives,
welcomed the Dialogues for Justice Initiative and agreed that this kind of
inclusive, pluralistic forums will do much to improve justice in Mexico.
This is because,
they said, people with low incomes do not have access to justice because they
do not have access to a lawyer, because they do not have resources, “And are
often saddled with legal problems, which do not allow them to get on with their
The themes of
the panels are:1) Civil and family
justice) Labor justice 3) Measures to reduce legal marginalization 4) Schools
of Law and sanctions for legal malpractice 5) Protocols for cases of bullying
6) Early legal assistance and alternative justice 7) Organization and
functioning of the judiciary branch 8) resolution of the basis of the conflict
and injunctions 9) Public Policy regarding justice.
Civil and family justice: Review the procedural rules in civil and family
matters to incorporate oral procedures standardized in all states; promote
conflict resolution through negotiation between the parties and expedite the
issuing of sentences, and their review and implementation.
Labor Justice Review the functioning of the boards of
conciliation and arbitration to professionalize the administration of labor
justice, strengthen reconciliation mechanisms, and streamline procedures, while
making them more transparent.
Measures to reduce legal marginalization: Modernize and
standardize the organization and functioning of public property and commercial records
and municipal land registers and facilitate the process of obtaining civil
status records and wills.
Law Schools and penalties for lawyers’ malpractice: Improve the quality of professional legal services by reviewing the
certification requirements of law schools and establish a system of liability
for negligence and malpractice.
Protocols for cases of bullying: Design
protocols to handle cases of bullying and other forms of violence in schools
and launch campaigns to provide information and prevent bullying.
Early legal assistance and alternative justice: Analyze the possibility of creating centers for early legal assistance throughout
the country to inform people of the mechanisms available to resolve conflicts
and promote the use of alternative means of conflict resolution.
Organization and functioning of the judiciary branch: Analyze the possibility of creating itinerant judges for small or rural
communities to facilitate conflict resolution, strengthen legal assessment and
judicial statistics and develop coordination mechanisms for administering
Resolution of underlying conflict and injunction: Strengthen injunction as an extraordinary means of constitutional
control and develop capacities to favor the resolution of underlying conflicts
over procedural requirements.
Public policy on justice: Analyze the possibility of having an organization
responsible for coordinating the design and implementation of the Federal
Government’s policies for implementing justice and relations with federal and
local judicial authorities.
It was announced
that the official site of the Dialogues for Everyday Justice http://justiciacotidiana.mx/ was launched, whereby
all stakeholders will be able to monitor and participate in the work of the panels.
session was attended by representatives of various government agencies; presidents
of the Senate Justice Committees, Fernando Yunes Márquez, and the Chamber of
Deputies, Álvaro Ibarra Hinojosa; President of the National Commission of
Superior Courts of Justice, Edgar Elías Azar; Representatives of the Federal
Judiciary Council; the National Commission of Human Rights; the National Bar
Association of Mexico and other bar associations, as well as civil society
organizations such as the Center for Development Research, the Mexican
Institute for Competitiveness, Mexico Evaluates and the Strategic Center for Social
Impact, among others.