o These initiatives, together with various
public policies, are designed to effect a structural change in non-criminal
justice to enforce the human right of access to swift, thorough and impartial
o The Dialogues, conducted on the instructions of
the president, represent a joint effort with a pluralist vision to improve
everyday justice for society.
o Over 200
specialists, academics, representatives of civil society, autonomous
constitutional bodies and the executive, legislative and judicial branches
The President’s Legal Adviser Humberto Castillejos Cervantes, Director
General of the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE) Sergio López
Ayllón; and Director of the Institute of Legal Research of the National Autonomous
University of Mexico Pedro Salazar Ugarte concluded the Dialogs for Everyday
Justice at the National Palace yesterday.
As a result of this plural exercise, in which solutions were proposed to
make everyday justice swift, effective and easily available to people,
President Enrique Peña will submit a package of constitutional and legal reform
initiatives in the coming weeks, together with various public policies, in
order to generate a structural change in non-criminal justice to enforce the
human right of access to swift, thorough and impartial justice, declared
Representing the Senate, President of the Justice Commission Fernando
Yunes Márquez said that this legislative body is waiting for the initiatives to
proceed with its analysis with seriousness and professionalism, in an effort to
achieve the best, most efficient access to everyday justice for Mexicans.
For its part, Federal Judiciary Council member Rosa Elena González
Tirado highlighted the broad, committed participation of the judicial branch in
Likewise, on behalf of the National Commission of the Mexican Higher
Courts of Justice, its president, Edgar Elías Azar, invited the country’s
judges of the country to focus on everyday justice.
This pluralistic exercise of consultation and analysis, in which over
200 people from 26 institutions from all sectors participated, was undertaken
on the instructions of the president, who on November 27, 2014 asked the CIDE
to organize consultative forums to develop a set of proposals and recommendations
to ensure greater access to justice. One of the recommendations was to organize a forum of dialogue and
consultation to design, propose and evaluate public policy on access to everyday
justice. These were the Dialogues for Everyday Justice.
All the solutions generated as a result of the work undertaken in nine
panels by researchers, academics, lawyers and representatives of civil society
and autonomous constitutional bodies as well as various authorities from the
executive, legislative and judicial branches, represent the joint effort and
plural vision to improve people’s everyday justice.
The Dialogues were concerned with the justice closest to people, which
resolves their everyday conflicts. It was therefore recommended that the legal system simplify the
administration of civil and family justice and reform labor justice, improve
conciliation mechanisms and expedite the enforcement of awards, among other
Other suggestions included promoting alternative justice throughout the
country, encouraging civic justice models and bringing itinerant justice closer
to the people.
To reduce the legal marginalization in which many people live, measures were
suggested to facilitate the registration and regulation of marital status, and the
registration of properties in public property and land register records, and
expedite the issuance of civil status records and property deeds.The
Regarding legal services provided by lawyers, who are also part of the
system of administration of justice, it was thought necessary, firstly, to
improve the teaching of law and, second, to enhance its administration through
ethical controls to ensure people's proper legal defense. The panels also agreed that the performance of all
professionals, not just lawyers, should be improved.
In the case of school violence, suggestions were made to standardize the
mechanisms of action for educational authorities, guide and train parents, and
promote preventive mechanisms.
Measures were also proposed to strengthen the judicial powers of the
states through their professionalism and proper coordination were also
proposed, and establish the obligation for the authorities to favor the
resolution of the essence of conflicts over formal aspects.
All the proposals resulting from this exercise, as
well as the diagnosis of the main problems of access to everyday justice and its
causes are available at: "http://www.gob.mx/justiciacotidiana"
Dr. Sergio López Ayllón explained that the following issues were
discussed by the panels: 1) civil and family justice; 2) labor justice; 3) measures to reduce
legal marginalization; 4) improvement of the teaching and practice of law; 5)
violence in schools; 6) early legal assistance and alternative justice; 7)
organization and functioning of the judiciary branches; 8) resolution of the
basis of the law and injunctions, and 9) justice policy.
The closing ceremony was also attended by representatives of various government
agencies; President of the Justice Commission of the Chamber of Deputies Álvaro
Ibarra Hinojosa, and members of various bar associations and civil society organizations
such as the Center of Research for Development and the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness.