• This requires, among other challenges, empowering our citizens to create sustainable, resilient communities, he said.
• He said that this is especially important in Asia-Pacific, because our countries are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters that have been exacerbated by the effects of climate change.
• Between 2002 and 2013, an average of two hurricanes a year were registered that damaged to Mexico and its inhabitants. We recently had the threat of Hurricane Patricia, ranked the strongest and most dangerous ever observed in the Western Hemisphere, he said.
• The president participated in the second retreat of the 23rd Meeting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Leaders, on the theme of "Sustainable and Resilient Communities.”
As he participated in the second retreat of the 23rd Meeting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Leaders, on the theme of "Sustainable and Resilient Communities,” Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto said that, “In a complex, adverse global environment, APEC economic leaders have a great responsibility: to create the necessary conditions to achieve growth that is sustainable and inclusive as well as high.”
This requires, among other challenges, “Empowering our citizens to create sustainable, resilient communities,” he said.
The Mexican president said that this is especially important in Asia-Pacific, because our countries are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters that have been exacerbated by the effects of climate change.
As an example, he stated that between 2002 and 2013, “An average of two hurricanes a year were recorded that damaged Mexico and its inhabitants.”
Moreover, he added, we recently had the threat of Hurricane Patricia, ranked the strongest and most dangerous ever observed in the Western Hemisphere.”
He said that in the face of this emergency, “Mexicans prepared for the worst. We took preventive measures and followed the established protocols for a situation of extreme gravity.”
“Although we coped with and overcame this challenge thanks to the country’s broad culture of civil protection, the international community “Must assume a greater collective commitment to reduce the effects of climate change," he said.
President Peña Nieto declared that as a result, “For the first time in the history of Mexico, the National Development Plan incorporates an inclusive, facilitating commitment to green growth, to preserve our natural heritage while generating wealth, competitiveness and employment.
Moreover, he continued, “Mexico has been one of the first countries to prioritize sustainable consumption and production, included in the Sustainable Development Goals, in its national planning.”
He declared that in order to achieve these objectives, “We have the sweeping reforms that were recently adopted, which have a green approach towards growth."
He mentioned some specific examples:
• The Tax Reform includes new tax policy instruments, which strengthen environmental protection.
-Tax on fuels that produce carbon dioxide and contribute to global warming.
-Tax on highly toxic pesticides.
-Incentives for the generation of electricity from cleaner sources of energy, by establishing the immediate deductibility of investments in this industry.
• Energy Reform is also a green reform:
• Clean Energy Certificates have been created, which will encourage the adoption of renewable energy sources and clean technologies at lower costs.
• Interconnection and transmission without delays or extra costs will be provided for clean energy producers.
• Transmission networks will expand to areas with greater geothermal, wind and solar potential.
• There will be a model of intelligent networks and controllable demand, with reimbursements for large users who reduce consumption.
-In the area of hydrocarbons:
• The expansion of the pipeline network by 85% (from 11,347 km to 20.938 km) will expedite the substitution of natural gas for fuel oil and diesel in various industrial processes.
• The transport sector will also have greater availability of natural gas and higher quality fuels, thereby reducing the emission of greenhouse gases and other precursors of climate change.
President Peña Nieto said that as a result, “The successful experiences of the APEC economies have repeatedly demonstrated the importance of structural reforms to trigger economic growth.
• The president stressed that this can be achieved through the implementation of structural reforms, a renewed commitment to global trade, and the internationalization of micro, small and medium enterprises.
• Mexico has advocated and implemented sweeping reforms in strategic sectors, he said.
• The president participated in the 23rd Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) Leaders’ Retreat.
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto told the leaders participating in the 23rd Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders’ Meeting that through the implementation of structural reforms and a renewed commitment to global trade, and the internationalization of micro, small and medium enterprises, “Our economies have large areas of opportunity to boost growth in an extremely volatile world.”
During his participation in the first retreat of the meeting, on the theme, "Inclusive Growth through integrated economies," the Mexican president said that this year’s APEC, “Is being carried out within a complex global economic context.”
However, he added, “Asia-Pacific remains one of the most dynamic regions, which encourages us to work for a more balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth.”
The successful experiences of the APEC economies, “Have repeatedly demonstrated the importance of structural reforms to trigger economic growth.”
“Consistent with this, Mexico has advocated and implemented sweeping reforms in strategic sectors such as employment, education, telecommunications and antitrust, public finance, finance and energy,” he explained.
He said that the common goal of these economic reforms, “Is to increase competitiveness and bring the country to its full potential.”
He said that with this vision, “Mexico expresses its renewed commitment to The Renewed APEC Agenda for Structural Reform 2016-2020, which will lay the foundations for achieving more open, transparent markets.”
The Mexican president also hailed the fact that in this 23rd Session, the progress of the “APEC Growth Strategy” has been reviewed with the aim of defining the bases underpinning the growth of the region over the next 20 years.
"While growth is critical to our economies, it is just as important for it to be more inclusive and sustainable. In this regard, Mexico has assumed the commitment to promoting quality growth made in this forum,” he said.
He noted that, “Our goal is to achieve a prosperous, inclusive Mexico, in which we all have equal opportunities to develop, through higher quality education, decent housing, social security and health services, and better paying jobs."
On the last day of activities of the 23rd APEC Meeting, President Peña Nieto said that international trade, “Is an engine of growth we should facilitate and promote.” As one of the most open economies in the world, he added, “Mexico confirms its commitment to the multilateral trading system, through the implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement and the conclusion of the Doha Round within the framework of the World Trade Organization.”
He added that, “Convinced of the importance of facilitating trade operations, in Mexico we are promoting a plan to modernize infrastructure and customs, involving an investment of over $530 USD in 566 projects designed to expedite the movement of goods, capital and people across borders.”
He stressed that SMEs are the mainstay of most of the Asia-Pacific economies . In Mexico, he added, “They contributed over 50 percent of the Gross Domestic Product, supporting more than 70 percent of jobs and accounting for about 90 percent of all firms.”
He recalled that his administration has launched, “A true national policy of support for entrepreneurs and MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises), reflected in the structural reform agenda”:
• Energy Reform will enable them to spend less on energy.
• Telecommunications Reform seeks to expand access to various telecommunications products and services in order to increase their quality and lower their prices.
• Financial Reform makes it possible to provide loans on competitive terms to micro, small and medium enterprises.
• Antitrust Reform will result in access to a wide range of quality goods and services at better prices to help MSMEs to become more productive and to facilitate their integration into global value chains.
Finally, President Peña Nieto said that, “Mexico welcomes the Boracay Action Agenda for the Globalization of Small and Medium Enterprises, which allow us to identify and address the barriers they face in their internationalization.” sweeping transformations, Mexico is decoupling economic growth from the emission of greenhouse gases and black carbon.”