President Enrique Peña Nieto participated in the United Nations Assembly on the World Drug Problem 2016 in New York.

The United Nations Organization is the highest forum for addressing and overcoming the global challenges of our time. As a result, in 2012, Colombia, Guatemala and Mexico requested that a United Nations General Assembly be held on the World Drug Problem.

“The objective is to review the current international strategy and, above all, to define better solutions, from a perspective of Human Rights, prevention and public health, putting people’s well-being at the center.” 

The current administration has sought to address the drug phenomenon in a more comprehensive way, with a strategy that avoids generating more violence and in which virtually all the agencies in the Mexican government take part. 

With global responsibility, Mexico proposes: 

FIRST. The world drug problem requires that the international community endorse the principle of common, shared responsibility through more intense, effective international cooperation.

SECOND. It is necessary to strengthen the common front against transnational organized crime to reduce the scope for financial operations and related crimes.  We must intensify cooperation between governments and expand the exchange of information and joint actions to dismantle criminal organizations. 

THIRD. Greater coordination and collaboration is required between the specialized United Nations agencies to address all aspects of the world drug problem. 

FOURTH. The public policies and actions arising from international drug policy must be aligned with efforts to achieve sustainable development in the 2030 Agenda. The Sustainable Development Goals and efforts to solve the world drug problem should be complementary and mutually reinforcing.

FIFTH. They should address the social damage associated with the illicit drug market. Communities affected by organized crime require the comprehensive prevention of violence, exclusion and the weakening of the social fabric.

The communities affected must be supported with educational, employment and recreational alternatives to strengthen inclusion and social cohesion. In particular, productive alternatives must be created in places where drugs are planted, such as crop conversion and international contract farming schemes.

SIXTH. Given the limitations of the prohibitionist paradigm, the global drug issue must be addressed from a Human Rights perspective. This fundamental change involves modifying the primarily disciplinary approach to focus on people, their rights and their dignity.

SEVENTH. Drug use should be primarily addressed as a public health problem, since it constitutes a threat to people’s full development, especially that of children and youth.

Drug addiction must be addressed through comprehensive prevention mechanisms and therapeutic solutions, not criminal instruments that criminalize users and harm the development of their personality.

EIGHTH. In drug-related offenses, proportional penalties and alternatives to prison sentences should be encouraged, which also incorporate a gender perspective. 

NINTH. International efforts must combine to prevent drug use through a global campaign oriented towards children and youth. The most vulnerable members of society must be protected by ensuring that they know the harmful effects associated with the use of narcotics and psychotropic substances. 

TENTH.  The availability and better access to controlled substances for medical and scientific purposes must be ensured while preventing their improper use and trafficking. This proposal stems from the broad national debate on the use of marijuana, organized by the Mexican government with experts, academics and representatives of civil society.

“As President of Mexico, in this Special Session here, I give voice to those who expressed the need to update the regulatory framework, to authorize the use of marijuana for medical and scientific purposes.”