“This is a historic step in the government’s decision to preserve marine and land areas, and assume all its commitments to the United Nations, and beyond,” he said. EPN
Mexico has natural richness few countries in the world can equal, which is why it is considered a mega-diverse country; which carries the great responsibility of caring for the environment, which is not only national but also world heritage.
Three of the four new Natural Protected Areas (NPA) are related to Mexico’s maritime heritage and have been declared Biosphere Reserves, areas that allow human activities that do not affect ecosystems:
- The Pacific Islands and their adjacent waters on the west coast of the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur (1.2 million hectares).
- Mexican Deep Pacific , a large coastal strip, below a depth of 800 meters, ranging from Chiapas to Nayarit and the area around the Revillagigedo Archipelago (57.8 million hectares).
- Mexican Caribbean, most of the sea area off the coast of Quintana Roo (5.7 million hectares), which will protect 50% of the Mesoamerican reef system.
And four of the five new Safeguard Zones are areas where the exploration and extraction of hydrocarbons is prohibited. They are also related to the biodiversity of the seas:
- Mangroves and Ramsar Sites. They comprise the 32 states and have an area of 92,426 square kilometers.
- Lacandon Rainforest Region. Located within the Oil Province Fold Belt in Chiapas and covering an area of 18.348.9 square kilometers.
- Yucatán Platform and Mexican Caribbean. Located in the states of Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatan, it covers an area of 219,011.2 square kilometers.
- Gulf of California-Baja California Peninsula-Baja California Sur Peninsula. It is the largest region and includes onshore and offshore areas, mainly in the provinces of the Gulf of California and Vizcaíno-La Purisima-Iray. It comprises an area of 691,758 square kilometers.
- Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Caribbean. It covers the coral reefs located within the Misantla Tampico, Veracruz, Southeast Basin, and Yucatán Platform oil provinces, with a total area of 6,172 square kilometers.
A land Natural Protected Area and Safeguard Zone were also designated:
- Sierra de Tamaulipas Natural Protected Area: 308 hectares designated a Biosphere Reserve. This is one of the places with the greatest natural capital in the state and is representative of several of the country’s ecosystems.
- Lacandon Rainforest Region Safeguard Zone. This is the great lung of Mexico and one of the most important water reserves in the country.
The surface of the four natural areas declared under protection, reached a record high of just over 65 million hectares.
This area is almost triples all the Natural Protected Areas designated in the previous administrations.
Today Mexico comprises 181 protected areas, which together total approximately 91 million hectares, 70 million hectares of marine areas and 21 million hectares of land areas.
It has thereby joined the small group of countries that have met the Aichi Target of sea surface protection (10%), more than doubling it by achieving 23%.
Mexico also pledged to protect 17% of national territory by 2020, up from the 13.76% currently constituting Protected Natural Areas.
The Mexican government and society, “Have made a serious, firm and very strong commitment to becoming a nation that is committed to the preservation and care of our environment, and ensuring that future generations have quality of life in the world they live in”. EPN