President Enrique Peña
Nieto inaugurated the 34th Session of the FAO Regional Conference
for Latin America and the Caribbean in Mexico City. He stressed the importance
of the UN Regional Conference for Food and Agriculture, which Mexico is honored
to host once again.
"Food security is now a strategic priority for
the whole world. In 2050 there will be 9.7 billion inhabitants, 2.3
billion more than today. To guarantee the availability and access to food of
the global population, 66% more food than that produced today must be generated.”
In Latin America and Caribbean
countries, the number of people suffering from hunger was more than halved,
from 15.3% in 1990-1992 to 6.1% in the three-year period 2012-2014.
The goals of the World Food Summit were met by reducing
undernourishment by more than 9 percentage points, from 14.7% in the early 1990s
to 5.5% in the middle of this decade.
Mexico launched the National Crusade against Hunger, a cross-cutting
strategy that combines the efforts of various government agencies to serve the
population living in extreme food poverty. This program has yielded the following results:
- Over 746,000 people have access to proper food at
one of the nearly 8,000 community kitchens installed in the most vulnerable
- More than 580,000 families may purchase commodities
at preferential prices, through the Without
- Moreover, nearly seven million families are
affiliated to the Social Inclusion Program PROSPERA , which now provides loans,
advice and support for productive projects and college scholarships.
- Through the new Productive PROAGRO, resources to support producers are allocated
according to their scale and on condition that they effectively purchase inputs or
improvements that will increase their yields.
- Through the Incentive
Program for Producers of Corn and Beans (PIMAF), 1.2 million small farmers
receive technological packages to increase their crop yields.
- Technical support is provided for producers from
the planting to the marketing of their crops. The aim is for them to be more productive and
achieve higher earnings.
- To improve the yield of farmlands, technified irrigation
was incorporated into 420,000 hectares (87% of the six-year goal).
- In 2015, agrifood exports amounted to $26.373
billion USD, a 16.6% increase over the amount recorded at the beginning of the
current administration. This increase in exports made it possible to close the
year with a surplus trade balance in the agricultural and fisheries sector of 1.289
Development for the region
According to the latest FAO
figures, there are still 34 million people suffering from hunger in the region. To overcome this condition, it is essential to
ensure increased food production and availability. To achieve this, as in any economic activity, the
key word is productivity.
FAO has noted that the
greatest increase in agricultural productivity will have to be achieved in developing
countries, by encouraging the participation of small farmers. A genuine transformation of the countryside must be
promoted, by focusing on small farmers and family farming, and facilitating
their integration into local and regional markets.
“The joint efforts and responsibility of all the
countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are crucial to achieving food
security in the region. Our generation has the responsibility, moral commitment and, above all,
a great opportunity to make the countryside a space for a dignified life, to
recognize and encourage the potential of those that make it productive.
Let us combine our efforts around FAO to
achieve a fairer, more prosperous and inclusive region, with higher standards
of living for millions of Latin Americans and Caribbeans. Our commitment is to increase the availability of
food and end hunger, as established in the second Sustainable Development Goal.”