In 1974, the General Population Law was enacted and the National Population Council was established, which involved the creation of a regulatory framework to address demographic issues.

Forty years later, Mexico is facing the new challenges of the country’s new demographic structure, on which the National Population Program 2014-2018 is based.

This population policy has a long-term vision that seeks to meet the challenges of the next 40 years. Some characteristics of the Mexican population in the medium term are:

• The population under 25 years will gradually decrease. In 2050, it will have declined from the current proportion of 45% to 34%.

• The adult population will remain at 44%.

• The elderly population will double; in 2050, over 20% of Mexicans, in other words, 32 million people, will be over 60.

As a result of these phenomena, the objective of public population policies must be implemented in a timely fashion to ensure the development of the next generations.

With a strategic and responsible sense, Mexico is encouraging the younger generations so that by the time they reach middle age, they will have accumulated assets based on a quality education and the promotion of economic projects that will enable them to set up and grow their own businesses.

Mexico will thereby be able to cope with future population challenges.