President Enrique Peña Nieto led the opening ceremony of the 36th Session of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), at the official residence of Los Pinos.
”It is a great honor for Mexicans to host the 36th Session of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations that promotes economic and social development.”
Mexico actively participated in the definition of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, enriching it with issues focusing on inclusion:
- It promoted the adoption of a transversal approach to economic and social inclusion, in other words, that the success of the Agenda should also be measured by its ability to create more equitable societies.
- It encouraged the expansion of the concept of poverty in order for it not only to consider income but all its dimensions, including basic rights such as access to food, education, health, social security, housing and services.
- It advocated gender equality and the recognition of the rights of migrants and indigenous peoples.
Lessons of structural change
During this meeting, the president highlighted five lessons learned during the past three and a half years in the process of structural transformations that has been taking place in Mexico.
“I believe our experience can be useful in helping each of your countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.”
FIRST. “The design and implementation of public policies is enriched by the participation of society. For example, the actions we are promoting to raise the quality of education, in other words, having better trained teachers, decent facilities, suitable education programs and increasing self-management in schools, are enhanced when every school community is involved to ensure their success.”
SECOND. “There must be consistency and complementarity between the various reforms and public policies. For example, Financial Reform complements and strengthens the Social Inclusion Program Prospera, by promoting low-income families’ access to financial services. Another case is the synergy between Telecommunications Reform and Education Reform, since greater access to Information and Communication Technology helps improve teaching-learning processes.”
THIRD. “The public agenda must have a human rights approach. One of the pillars of this administration is to promote a genuine Society of Rights, in other words, to ensure that all the rights enshrined in our laws apply equally to all people.”
Other examples of equality and inclusion promoted by the government:
- The recognition of the right to access to Information and Communications Technologies, including broadband and the Internet.
- The obligation of political parties to ensure that 50% of the candidacies for federal and local congresses are for women.
- The creation of Life Insurance for Female Heads of Family and the expansion of the Pension Program for Senior Citizens.
- Special Economic Zones will be created to reduce the development gaps between the North and center of the country and the southern region, which lags furthest behind.
FOURTH. The importance of promoting an environment of certainty and transparency that will foster value creation. In other words, to promote investments that create jobs, productivity and competitiveness. A necessary condition for achieving this environment is to have stability and institutions that support this. Recent years have seen the strengthening of autonomous regulatory bodies such as the Federal Anti-trust Commission and the Federal Telecommunications Institute. As a result of Energy Reform, tenders for oil fields and clean energy auctions in the Wholesale Electricity Market have shown the importance of transparent, reliable mechanisms to attract productive investment.”
FIFTH. “Governments must take decisive action to preserve our natural resources and protect the environment."
Actions by Mexico:
- It signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
- It promoted the Energy Transition Act to reduce greenhouse gas and black carbon emissions by increasing its energy production from clean sources.
- It increased its Natural Protected Areas, land and marine areas for the preservation of our biodiversity.
“Creating equality in order to grow, and growing to create equality is ECLAC’s mission; this is the hope shared by our societies and the reason why we will continue working and advancing together.”